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Facteurs de valorisation de la recherche publique quelles perspectives pour une jeune université dans un contexte de crise ? (Incentive factors for the exploitation of public research prospects for a young university in a context of crisis)

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  • Blandine Laperche

    ()
    (labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

En France, comme dans tous les autres pays industriels, les pouvoirs publics essaient d'accroître les relations entre universités et entreprises pour stimuler la créativité et la croissance. Mais la loi, à elle seule, est-elle suffisante ? Les différents cas étudiés montrent que la réussite de la valorisation dépend de l'application du « carré organique » composé d'interactions fortes entre réglementation ; milieu et esprit d'entreprise ; progrès technique ; et stratégie universitaire. Nous avons appliqué cette méthode au cas particulier d'une jeune université française (l'Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale) et nous avons montré que le chaînon manquant de l'interaction forte entre recherche universitaire et richesse de l'économie locale entrave les transferts de ressources scientifiques de la recherche publique vers le monde de l'entreprise. In France, as in every industrial country, states try to reinforce the relations between universities and enterprises, in order to stimulate creativity and growth. But is the law in itself sufficient? The different cases studied here show that good results in exploiting scientific research depend on the application of the « organic square » which consists in strong interactions between law; milieu and entrepreneurship function; technical progress; and university strategy. We have applied this method to the particular case of a young French university (University Of Littoral Côte d'Opale) and we have shown that the missing link of a strong interaction between academic research and richness of the local economy hinders scientific resources transfers from public research to the world of enterprise.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 53.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Avril 2002
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:53

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Keywords: Recherche publique; entreprise; université; France; ULCO/public research; entreprise; university; France; ULCO;

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  1. Mayntz, Renate, 1998. "Socialist academies of sciences: the enforced orientation of basic research at user needs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 781-791, December.
  2. Arocena, Rodrigo & Sutz, Judith, 2001. "Changing knowledge production and Latin American universities," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1221-1234, October.
  3. Etzkowitz, Henry, 1998. "The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university-industry linkages," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 823-833, December.
  4. Adam B. Jaffe, 1999. "The U.S. Patent System in Transition: Policy Innovation and the Innovation Process," NBER Working Papers 7280, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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