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La valorisation de la recherche publique en France et la question de l’université (The commercialization of public research in france and the issue of university)

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Author Info

  • Blandine LAPERCHE

    ()
    (RRI)

  • Dimitri UZUNIDIS

    ()
    (RRI)

Abstract

En France, comme dans tous les autres pays industriels, les pouvoirs publics essaient d’accroître les relations entre universités et entreprises pour stimuler la créativité, l’innovation et la croissance économique. Mais la loi, à elle seule, est-elle un facteur suffisant pour impulser le rapprochement entre recherche scientifique et entreprises ? Cet article traite de la problématique de la valorisation de la recherche publique. Il retrace son émergence, son application dans le cas français, et présente ses avantages attendus et débats que ce nouveau cadre réglementaire suscite. Il interroge ainsi la pertinence de ce modèle du « tout contrat ». In France, as in every industrial country, states try to reinforce the relations between universities and enterprises, in order to stimulate creativity, innovation and economic growth. But is the law in itself sufficient to give impetus to the cooperation between public research and enterprises? This paper deals with the issue of the commercialization of research. It comes back to its origins, its implementation in the French case and presents its foreseen advantages and the debates that this new framework creates. It thus questions the relevance of this model based on “contract”.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 16.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Documents de travail du RRI, 2010
Handle: RePEc:rii:rridoc:16

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Keywords: research; university; commercialization;

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References

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  1. Adam B. Jaffe, 1999. "The U.S. Patent System in Transition: Policy Innovation and the Innovation Process," NBER Working Papers 7280, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Mayntz, Renate, 1998. "Socialist academies of sciences: the enforced orientation of basic research at user needs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 781-791, December.
  3. Arocena, Rodrigo & Sutz, Judith, 2001. "Changing knowledge production and Latin American universities," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1221-1234, October.
  4. Nancy T. Gallini, 2002. "The Economics of Patents: Lessons from Recent U.S. Patent Reform," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(2), pages 131-154, Spring.
  5. Blandine Laperche, 2002. "The Four Key Factors for Commercialising Research: The Case of a Young University in a Region in Crisis," Higher Education Management and Policy, OECD Publishing, vol. 14(3), pages 149-175.
  6. Etzkowitz, Henry, 1998. "The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university-industry linkages," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 823-833, December.
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