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A Partial Adjustment Model of U.S. Electricity Demand by Region, Season, and Sector

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  • Paul, Anthony

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

  • Myers, Erica

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

  • Palmer, Karen

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

Abstract

Identifying the factors that influence electricity demand in the continental United States and mathematically characterizing them are important for developing electricity consumption projections. The price elasticity of demand is especially important, since the electricity price effects of policy implementation can be substantial and the demand response to policy-induced changes in prices can significantly affect the cost of policy compliance. This paper estimates electricity demand functions with particular attention paid to the demand stickiness that is imposed by the capital-intensive nature of electricity consumption and to regional, seasonal, and sectoral variation. The analysis uses a partial adjustment model of electricity demand that is estimated in a fixed-effects OLS framework. This model formulation allows for the price elasticity to be expressed in both its short-run and long-run forms. Price elasticities are found to be broadly consistent with the existing literature, but with important regional, seasonal, and sectoral differences.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-08-50.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2009
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Handle: RePEc:rff:dpaper:dp-08-50

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Keywords: electricity; demand elasticities; energy demand; partial adjustment;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Blázquez Gomez, Leticia M. & Filippini, Massimo & Heimsch, Fabian, 2013. "Regional impact of changes in disposable income on Spanish electricity demand: A spatial econometric analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(S1), pages S58-S66.
  2. Blazquez Leticia & Nina Boogen & Massimo Filippini, 2012. "Residential electricity demand for Spain: new empirical evidence using aggregated data," CEPE Working paper series 12-82, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  3. Harrison Fell & Shanjun Li & Anthony Paul, 2012. "A New Look at Residential Electricity Demand Using Household Expenditure Data," Working Papers 2012-04, Colorado School of Mines, Division of Economics and Business.
  4. Anna Alberini & Will Gans & Daniel Velez-Lopez, 2011. "Residential Consumption of Gas and Electricity in the U.S.: The Role of Prices and Income," Working Papers 2011.01, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  5. Harrison Fell & Joshua Linn, 2012. "Renewable Electricity Policies, Heterogeneity, and Cost Effectiveness," Working Papers 2012-07, Colorado School of Mines, Division of Economics and Business.
  6. Massimo Filippini & Anna Alberini, 2010. "Response of Residential Electricity Demand to Price: The Effect of Measurement Error," CEPE Working paper series 10-75, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
  7. Okajima, Shigeharu & Okajima, Hiroko, 2013. "Estimation of Japanese price elasticities of residential electricity demand, 1990–2007," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 433-440.
  8. Xavier Labandeira & José M. Labeaga & Xiral López-Otero, 2010. "Estimation of Elasticity Price of Electricity with Incomplete Information," Working Papers 01-2010, Economics for Energy.
  9. Saunoris, James W. & Sheridan, Brandon J., 2013. "The dynamics of sectoral electricity demand for a panel of US states: New evidence on the consumption–growth nexus," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 327-336.

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