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Technology Shocks in a Two-Sector DSGE Model

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  • Zheng Liu

    (Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco)

  • John Fernald

    (Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco)

  • Susanto Basu

    (Boston College)

Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that output, consumption, investment and hours rise in response to improvements in the technology for producing consumption goods, but all decline on impact when there is a similar improvement in investment-goods technology. We show that these effects are consistent with the predictions of a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model with two sectors---a consumption good sector and an investment good sector---with sticky prices in each sector. The assumption that investment goods prices are also costly to adjust differentiates our model from previous research in this area, and helps us fit the evidence that the relative price of investment goods adjusts slowly to shocks. In combination with recent empirical work, our paper suggests that sector-specific technology shocks may be a major source of US business cycle dynamics, and models that were developed to fit the estimated effects of monetary policy shocks can also explain the estimated effects of sector-specific technology shocks.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2012 Meeting Papers with number 1017.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed012:1017

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  1. Michael Keane & Richard Rogers, 2012. "Reconciling Micro and Macro Labor Supply Elasticities: A Structural Perspective," Economics Series Working Papers 2012-W12, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  2. Annette Vissing-Jorgensen, 2002. "Limited Asset Market Participation and the Elasticity of Intertemporal Substitution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(4), pages 825-853, August.
  3. Basu, Susanto & Fernald, John G, 1997. "Returns to Scale in U.S. Production: Estimates and Implications," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(2), pages 249-83, April.
  4. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  5. Giorgio E. Primiceri & Andrea Tambalotti & Alejandro Justiniano, 2009. "Investment Shocks and the Relative Price of Investment," 2009 Meeting Papers 686, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  6. Annette Vissing-Jorgensen, 2002. "Limited Asset Market Participation and the Elasticity of Intertemporal Substitution," NBER Working Papers 8896, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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