A Multi-sectoral Approach to the U.S. Great Depression
AbstractWe document sectoral differences in changes in output, hours worked, prices and nominal wages in the US during the Great Depression. We explore whether contractionary monetary shocks combined with different degrees of nominal wage frictions across sectors are consistent with both sectoral as well as aggregate facts. To do so, we construct a two-sector model where goods from each sector are used as intermediates to produce the sectoral goods that in turn produce final output. One sector is assumed to have flexible nominal wages, while nominal wages in the other sector are set using Taylor contracts. We calibrate the model to the U.S. economy in 1929, and then feed in monetary shocks estimated from the data. We find that while the model can qualitatively replicate the key sectoral facts, it can account for less than a third of the decline in aggregate output. This decline in output is roughly half as large as the one implied by a one-sector model. Alternatively, if wages are set using Calvo-type contracts the decline in output is even smaller.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2010 Meeting Papers with number 1242.
Date of creation: 2010
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Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Christian Zimmermann Economic Research Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis PO Box 442 St. Louis MO 63166-0442 USA
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Other versions of this item:
- Pedro S. Amaral & James C. MacGee, 2009. "A multi-sectoral approach to the U.S. Great Depression," Working Paper 0911, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- A multi-sectoral approach to the U.S. Great Depression
by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2010-02-08 01:58:23
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