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Total Factor Productivity and Labor Reallocation: The Case of the Korean 1997 Crisis

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  • Felipe Meza

    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

  • David Benjamin

    (University of Southampton)

Abstract

Detrended Total Factor Productivity (TFP), net of changes in capital utilization, fell by 3.3% after the Korean 1997 financial crisis. We construct a small open economy model that accounts for 30.0% of the fall in response to a sudden stop of capital inflows and an increase in international interest rates. Empirically, the fall in TFP follows a reallocation of labor from the more productive manufacturing sector to the less productive agriculture and public sectors. The model has a consumption and an investment sector. The reallocation of labor in the data corresponds to a reallocation from the investment sector to the consumption sector. In the model, a sudden stop raises the costs of imports, which are used as an input in the investment sector. Investment falls sharply in response to the increase in interest rates. A fall in export demand and working capital requirements amplify the effects of the sudden stop.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2007 Meeting Papers with number 157.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed007:157

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  1. Timothy J. Kehoe & Kim J. Ruhl, 2008. "Sudden Stops, Sectoral Reallocations, and the Real Exchange Rate," NBER Working Papers 14395, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Felipe Meza & Erwan Quintin, 2005. "Financial crises and total factor productivity," Center for Latin America Working Papers 0105, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  3. Keisuke Otsu, 2008. "A Neoclassical Analysis of The Korean Crisis," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 11(2), pages 449-471, April.
  4. Restuccia, Diego & Urrutia, Carlos, 2001. "Relative prices and investment rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 93-121, February.
  5. Greenwood, Jeremy & Hercowitz, Zvi & Huffman, Gregory W, 1988. "Investment, Capacity Utilization, and the Real Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(3), pages 402-17, June.
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