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Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Fluctuations in Australia

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Author Info

  • Chris Ryan

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

  • Christopher Thompson

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

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    Abstract

    Several recent papers have explored the possibility that inflation-targeting central banks in small open economies pay too much attention to exchange rate fluctuations; changing short-term interest rates in response to fluctuations that have transient effects on inflation could be counterproductive. Accordingly, we investigate whether the Reserve Bank of Australia, while ultimately concerned with aggregate inflation and output, should set short-term interest rates on the basis of expected inflation in the non-tradeable sector or go even further and react directly to expected wage pressures in that sector’s labour market. Our results indicate that there are no clear gains to be had from responding only to measures of inflation which abstract from temporary exchange rate fluctuations. The variability of inflation and output would be at least as great as under the current framework, while the shocks that have typically hit the Australian economy over the past couple of decades are such that interest rates would be no less variable than under the current inflation-targeting framework. We attribute these findings to the forward-looking nature of the current inflation-targeting framework, whereby exchange rate shocks are ignored in the setting of policy if they are expected to have only a temporary impact on inflation.

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    File URL: http://www.rba.gov.au/publications/rdp/2000/pdf/rdp2000-06.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Reserve Bank of Australia in its series RBA Research Discussion Papers with number rdp2000-06.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:rba:rbardp:rdp2000-06

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    Related research

    Keywords: exchange rates; inflation targeting; macroeconomic model; monetary policy rules; open economy;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Svensson, Lars E O, 1998. "Open-Economy Inflation Targeting," CEPR Discussion Papers 1989, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Clarida, Richard & Galí, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1998. "Monetary Policy Rules and Macroeconomic Stability: Evidence and Some Theory," CEPR Discussion Papers 1908, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Taylor, John B., 1998. "The Robustness and Efficiency of Monetary Policy Rules as Guidelines for Interest Rate Setting by the European Central Bank," Seminar Papers 649, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
    4. Dwyer, Jacqueline, 1992. "The Tradeable Non-tradeable Dichotomy: A Practical Approach," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(59), pages 443-59, December.
    5. Dwyer, Jacqueline & Kent, Christopher & Pease, Andrew, 1994. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through: Testing the Small Country Assumption for Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 70(211), pages 408-23, December.
    6. Paul Conway & Aaron Drew & Ben Hunt & Alasdair Scott, 1998. "Exchange rate effects and inflation targeting in a small open economy: a stochastic analysis using FPS," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Discussion Paper Series G99/4, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. G.C. Lim & Paul D. McNelis, 2001. "Central Bank Learning, Terms of Trade Shocks & Currency Risk: Should Exchange Rate Volatility Matter for Monetary Policy?," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 509, Boston College Department of Economics.
    2. Marcela Meirelles Aurelio, 2005. "Do we really know how inflation targeters set interest rates?," Research Working Paper RWP 05-02, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    3. Karunaratne, Neil Dias, 2006. "The New Economy and the Dollar Puzzle," Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance, vol. 36(1-2), pages 25-43, March/Sep.
    4. G. C. LIM & PAUL D. McNELIS, 2002. "Central Bank Learning, Terms Of Trade Shocks & Currency Risks: Should Only Inflation Matter For Monetary Policy?," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 831, The University of Melbourne.
    5. Isabel Ruiz, 2005. "Empirical analysis on the real effects of inflation and exchange rate uncertainty: The case of Colombia," International Finance 0511006, EconWPA.
    6. Wollmershäuser, Timo, 2006. "Should central banks react to exchange rate movements? An analysis of the robustness of simple policy rules under exchange rate uncertainty," Munich Reprints in Economics 19716, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    7. Guy Debelle & Jenny Wilkinson, 2002. "Inflation Targeting and the Inflation Process: Some Lessons from an Open Economy," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2002-01, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    8. Fernando Alexandre & John Drifill & Fabio Spagniolo, 2001. "Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Co-ordination," NIPE Working Papers 9/2001, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.

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