Application of Gravity Model to the Analysis of Cross-Country Differences in the Levels of Institutional Development
AbstractThis paper presents an econometric model intended to explain fundamental cross-country differences in the quality of national economic institutions by using the set of economic, geographical, cultural and historical factors. Our key research hypothesis claims that bilateral trade may be working as a critical channel for institutional evolution, including through import of institutions by less developed countries from their more institutionally advanced trade partners. We follow logic of the modified gravity model of foreign trade to justify the model specification. Econometric analysis was conducted on the performance data of more than 100 countries in 1996-2006. Our results support the hypothesis that many factors that drive international institutional differences are identical to those that define intensity of trade interactions in the traditional gravity model. As a result, global institutional progress has been showing particular historic and geographical patterns. We come to the conclusion that, after controlling for differences in the levels of per capita income, institutional cross-country differences are significantly influenced by countries’ location and geographic neighborhood, and with time countries tend to form homogeneous geographic clusters by the level of institutional development.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 55427.
Date of creation: 27 Feb 2011
Date of revision:
institutional developments; gravity model; drivers of institutional progress; cross-country differences; institutional indicators; role of international trade;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
- O11 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
- O19 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
- P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
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