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El impacto de la educación temprana en el mediano plazo
[Medium term effect of early Child-care]

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  • Rafael, Sanchez
  • Eugenio, Rojas
  • Isidora, Zapata

Abstract

To the best of our knowledge this is the first study to evaluate the medium term impact of early childcare (0-2 years old child). This is carried out by the estimation of efective (actual) marginal returns of early childcare in a non observable heterogeneity context. We estimate the impact on cognitive tests (SIMCE) (Math and Lenguage) taken in the 4th grade of elementary school. Results suggest that early childcare attendance has a nearly zero effect on average population but a negative e¤ect on those who were treated (those who attended all levels of childcare (early, midium, Pre Kinder and Kinder) relative to those non treated (those who attended the latter three levels but not the former). The distribution of the Marginal Treatmente Effect and the estimated parameters of interest suggest that the zero-negative effect would be related to the quality of early childcare.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 54183.

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Date of creation: 03 Jul 2013
Date of revision: 03 Dec 2013
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:54183

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Related research

Keywords: Early Childcare; Structural Models; Marginal Treatment Effect;

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  1. James Heckman & Flavio Cunha, 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 31-47, May.
  2. Currie, J. & Thomas, D., 1995. "Does Head Start make a Difference?," Papers 95-10, RAND - Reprint Series.
  3. Janet Currie, 2001. "Early Childhood Education Programs," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(2), pages 213-238, Spring.
  4. Berlinski, Samuel & Galiani, Sebastian & Manacorda, Marco, 2007. "Giving children a better start : preschool attendance and school-age profiles," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4240, The World Bank.
  5. Berlinski, Samuel & Galiani, Sebastian & Gertler, Paul, 2009. "The effect of pre-primary education on primary school performance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(1-2), pages 219-234, February.
  6. Jere R. Behrman & Yingmei Cheng & Petra E. Todd, 2004. "Evaluating Preschool Programs When Length of Exposure to the Program Varies: A Nonparametric Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(1), pages 108-132, February.
  7. Clive R Belfield & Milagros Nores & Steve Barnett & Lawrence Schweinhart, 2006. "The High/Scope Perry Preschool Program: Cost–Benefit Analysis Using Data from the Age-40 Followup," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 41(1).
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