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Reassessing international investment patterns: a revisitation of Lane and Milesi-Ferretti's evidence

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  • Pierucci, Eleonora
  • Pericoli, Filippo
  • Ventura, Luigi

Abstract

We show that recent methodological advances in econometric theory raise questions about the results obtained by Lane and Milesi-Ferretti (LMF) in relation to the determinants of international investment patterns (International Investment Patterns, The Review of Economics and Statistics 2008; 90(3): 538{549). We find that LMF's estimated equations are affected by heteroscedasticity (which can lead to inconsistent estimates in log-linearized models), and that the results depend on the pattern of heteroscedasticity assumed and on the estimation method applied. Thus, LMF's findings need to be reassessed. Moreover, we extend the dataset over time to estimate the panel version of the LMF's equations (over years 2001{2009). Our panel allows for the proper accounting of unobserved heterogeneity through country-pair fixed effects and improves the cross-section analysis reconciling empirical evidence with economic theory. Irrespective of the estimation method, we identify a clear diversification motive which drives international equity purchases.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 53585.

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Date of creation: 07 Feb 2014
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:53585

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Keywords: International investment patterns; portfolio choices; gravity models.;

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  1. Richard Portes & Helene Rey, 1999. "The Determinants of Cross-Border Equity Flows," NBER Working Papers 7336, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Aviat, Antonin & Coeurdacier, Nicolas, 2007. "The geography of trade in goods and asset holdings," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 22-51, March.
  3. Coeurdacier, Nicolas & Guibaud, Stéphane, 2006. "International Portfolio Diversification Is Better Than You Think," ESSEC Working Papers DR 06013, ESSEC Research Center, ESSEC Business School.
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  9. Esmeralda A. Ramalho & Joaquim J.S. Ramalho & José M.R. Murteira, 2011. "Alternative Estimating And Testing Empirical Strategies For Fractional Regression Models," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(1), pages 19-68, 02.
  10. Philip R. Lane & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2008. "International Investment Patterns," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(3), pages 538-549, August.
  11. Papke, Leslie E. & Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2008. "Panel data methods for fractional response variables with an application to test pass rates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 145(1-2), pages 121-133, July.
  12. Martijn Burger & Frank van Oort & Gert-Jan Linders, 2009. "On the Specification of the Gravity Model of Trade: Zeros, Excess Zeros and Zero-inflated Estimation," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(2), pages 167-190.
  13. Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, 2013. "The log of gravity revisited," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(3), pages 311-327, January.
  14. Papke, Leslie E & Wooldridge, Jeffrey M, 1996. "Econometric Methods for Fractional Response Variables with an Application to 401(K) Plan Participation Rates," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(6), pages 619-32, Nov.-Dec..
  15. Pericoli, F.M. & Pierucci, E. & Ventura, L., 2013. "Cross-border equity portfolio choices and the diversification motive: A fractional regression approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(2), pages 282-286.
  16. Manning, Willard G. & Mullahy, John, 2001. "Estimating log models: to transform or not to transform?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 461-494, July.
  17. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-54, July.
  18. Eleonora Pierucci & Luigi Ventura, 2010. "Risk Sharing: A Long Run Issue?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 705-730, November.
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