African Jobless Growth Morphology:Vulnerabilities and Policy Responses
AbstractAs by product of economic growth, jobs are indeed transformational. In other words, efficiency increases as workers get better at what they do (as more productive jobs appear and less productive one disappear). In fact societies flourish as jobs bring together people from different ethnic and social backgrounds while providing alternatives to conflict. Unfortunately, in many African countries, unemployment rates are low and growth is seldom jobless. Regrettably, most of the poor work long hours and cannot make ends meet while the violation of basic human rights is not uncommon. Again, youth unemployment and unmet job expectations are alarming. Consequently, this paper provides a framework that cuts across sectors and shows that the best policy responses vary across African countries (depending on their levels of development, endowments, demography and institutions). Thus, at all stages of development, forcing economic production to spread evenly across areas is both elusive and expensive. Policy makers should therefore identify and execute strategies that balance development outcomes across areas by means of domestic integration instruments. However, in places where integration is hardest, the policy response should be comprehensively total: institutions that unite, infrastructure that connects, interventions that target, incentives that motivate as well as information and communication technologies that enables or drives.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49377.
Date of creation: 29 Aug 2013
Date of revision:
jobs; employment; unemployment; Africa; social protection; productivity; institutions; incentives; infrastructures; labor policies; information technology; economic growth; development; vulnerabilities; youth unemployment; domestic integration; self employment; social cohesion; private sector; government; knowledge; living standard; skills; education; industries;
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- E02 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Institutions and the Macroeconomy
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy
- F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General
- F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
- H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General
- H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
- H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General
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- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
- I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - General
- J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
- J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
- J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
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- J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
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- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
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- Nwaobi, Godwin, 2007. "Educational(work)performance in african countries: problems, policies and prospects," MPRA Paper 1622, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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