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FDI, Trade and Integration in Mercosur

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  • Castilho, Marta
  • Zignago, Soledad

Abstract

In the 90’s, the Mercosur countries experienced a strong growth of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). To examine the relationship between FDI, trade and regional integration in the Mercosur, we tested different disaggregated gravity equations on trade and FDI flows between two Mercosur members – Argentina and Brazil – and their partners during the 90’s. Our results attest a strong relationship between FDI and imports, but a weak and negative linkage between FDI and exports. This reinforces the perception that the investment flows into the Mercosur countries has generated strong flows of imports without generating exports. Another important result is the relevance of Mercosur in multinational firms strategies that seems to be different depending on the country where the firm is located. Firms installed in Brazil give an importance to the regional market while the firms installed in Argentina, assume that regional market is not a relevant issue.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43886.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43886

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Keywords: FDI; International Trade; Regional Integration; Mercosur;

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References

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  1. Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1997. "Regional Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," CEPR Discussion Papers 1659, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Norman, George & Motta, Massimo, 1993. "Eastern European Economic Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(4), pages 483-507, Winter.
  3. María Inés Terra & Adriana Gigliotti, 1994. "Mercosur: localización de la producción. Un modelo de geografía económica," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0794, Department of Economics - dECON.
  4. Antoine Bouët, 2000. "La mesure des protections commerciales nationales," Working Papers 2000-15, CEPII research center.
  5. Massimo Motta & George Norman, 1993. "Does economic integration cause foreign direct investment?," Economics Working Papers 28, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  6. María Inés Terra & Marcel Vaillant, 1998. "Política comercial y política de infraestructura: un ejercicio de simulación de los impactos regionales en el MERCOSUR," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0797, Department of Economics - dECON.
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Cited by:
  1. Achabou, Mohamed Akli & Tozanli, Selma, 2007. "Mise en application de l'accord d'association UE- Algerie : les conséquences sur l’industrie sucrière algérienne," 103rd Seminar, April 23-25, 2007, Barcelona, Spain 9408, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  2. José V. Blanes & Juliette Milgram Baleix, 2006. "The Free Trade Agreement Morocco-EU: a simulation of the impact on EU exports," ThE Papers 06/09, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
  3. José Vicente Blanes Cristóbal & Juliette Milgram Baleix, 2006. "Impacto de la liberalización comercial de Marruecos y de la inmigración marroquí sobre las exportaciones de las CCAA españolas hacia Marruecos," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2006/14, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  4. Leandro Rothmuller, 2003. "Does FDI Matter for Trade in Brazil? An Application of the Gravity Model," Anais do XXXI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 31th Brazilian Economics Meeting] c71, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].

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