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Estimating the Impacts of Climate Change on Mortality in OECD Countries

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  • Chen, Ping-Yu
  • Chang, Chia-Lin
  • Chen, Chi-Chung

Abstract

The major contribution of this study is to combines both climatic and macroeconomic factors simultaneously in the estimation of mortality using the capital city of 22 OECD countries from the period 1990 to 2008. The empirical results provide strong evidences that higher income and a lower unemployment rate could reduce mortality rates, while the increases in precipitation and temperature variation have significantly positive impacts on the mortality rates. The effects of changing average temperature on mortality rates in summer and winter are asymmetrical and also depend on the location. Combining the future climate change scenarios with the estimation outcomes show that mortality rates in OECD countries in 2100 will be increased by 3.77% to 5.89%.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 27915.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:27915

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Keywords: Climate change; mortality; panel data model;

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  1. Neil J. Buckley & Frank T. Denton & A. Leslie Robb & Byron G. Spencer, 2003. "The Transition from Good to Poor Health: An Econometric Study of the Older Population," Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population Research Reports 381, McMaster University.
  2. Kyung-So Im & Junsoo Lee & Margie Tieslau, 2005. "Panel LM Unit-root Tests with Level Shifts," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 67(3), pages 393-419, 06.
  3. Burr, Jeffrey A. & McCall, Patricia L. & Powell-Griner, Eve, 1997. "Female labor force participation and suicide," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 44(12), pages 1847-1859, June.
  4. Ulf-G. Gerdtham & Magnus Johannesson, 2004. "Absolute Income, Relative Income, Income Inequality, and Mortality," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(1).
  5. Platt, Stephen, 1984. "Unemployment and suicidal behaviour: A review of the literature," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 93-115, January.
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