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A 'Health Kuznets' Curve'? Cross-Country and Longitudinal Evidence

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  • Joan Costa-i-Font
  • Cristina Hernandez-Quevedo
  • Azusa Sato

Abstract

The distribution of health inequalities appears to exhibit a different pattern when samples of developing countries are examined. One explanation is the existence of a health Kuznets’ curve. This paper sets out as an exploratory analysis to test the latter hypothesis of an inverse U shape pattern between both economic and health development and income inequalities in health. We draw upon two rich datasets and we use two measures of health, self -reported health and Body Mass Index (BMI). Our results are suggestive of a socioeconomic health Kuznets' curve on self-reported health but not on BMI. We find robust evidence of both cross country and time series heterogeneity which display a turning point of GDP per capita varying between US $26,000 -38,200.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/WP/WP-CESifo_Working_Papers/wp-cesifo-2013/wp-cesifo-2013-10/cesifo1_wp4446.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4446.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4446

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Related research

Keywords: inequality; health; health inequalities; Kuznets’ curve; Body Mass Index (BMI);

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References

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