Trees, tenure and conflict: Rubber in colonial Benin
AbstractTree crops have changed land tenure in Africa. Planters have acquired more permanent, alienable rights, but have also faced disputes with competing claimants and the state. I show that the introduction of Para rubber had similar effects in the Benin region of colonial Nigeria. Planters initially obtained land by traditional methods. Mature plantations were assets that could be sold, let out, and used to raise credit. Disputes over rubber involved smallholders, communities of rival users, would-be migrant planters, commercial plantations, and the colonial state, which feared rubber would make land unavailable for food crops.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26244.
Date of creation: Oct 2010
Date of revision:
Africa; rubber; land tenure; Benin; Nigeria; tree crops; land disputes;
Other versions of this item:
- James Fenske, 2011. "Trees, Tenure and Conflict: Rubber in Colonial Benin," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Working Paper W, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
- N57 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Africa; Oceania
- O10 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2010-11-06 (Africa)
- NEP-AGR-2010-11-06 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2010-11-06 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2010-11-06 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
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