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Impact of Social Safety Net Programs In Seasonal Deprivation

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  • Khaleque, Khaleque
  • Suborna, Bubarna
  • Baqui, Baqui
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    Abstract

    Around the globe, there are varying types of social safety net instruments used by the governments, NGOs, microfinance institutions and private entities. The extent of hardship and welfare of the vulnerable and poor households largely depends on the effectiveness and adequate coverage of these safety net measures. Researchers have found in large number of instances that these instruments are quite useful and have substantial welfare and anti poverty impact on the recipient households. monga is a recurrent case of seasonal deprivation that forces a large number of households in the northern region namely – Greater Rangpur, suffer from occasional starvation, consumption rationing and induces poor households to sell advance labor, crops and assets. The Bangladesh government has been operating a number of social safety net programs – cash or in kind - in this part to reduce the vulnerability of households during monga pledging a long term solution. The study examines the impact of the social safety net programs on the welfare of the poor households during seasonal deprivation –called monga, in the five districts of Greater Rangpur namely Lalmonirhat. Nilphamari, Kurigram, Gaibandha and Rangpur. The study finds that VGD/VGF has strong positive effect in reducing poverty while old age pension has no such contribution. The findings also suggest that highly vulnerable groups such as day laborers, beggars are left out from the benefit of social safety net programs due to their limited coverage and size.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/22045/
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 22045.

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    Date of creation: 28 Nov 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22045

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    Related research

    Keywords: Social Safety Net Program; Seasonal deprivation; Vulnerability; Poverty;

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    References

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    1. Ham, John C & Svejnar, Jan & Terrell, Katherine, 1998. "Unemployment and the Social Safety Net during Transitions to a Market Economy: Evidence from the Czech and Slovak Republics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(5), pages 1117-42, December.
    2. Reddy, S., 1998. "Social Funds in Developing Countries : Recent Experiences and Lessons," Papers 98-002, California Los Angeles - Applied Econometrics.
    3. Barrett, Christopher B., 1999. "The microeconomics of the developmental paradox: on the political economy of food price policy," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 20(2), pages 159-172, March.
    4. Chronic Poverty Research Centre CPRC, 2007. "Social Protection Transfers for Chronically Poor People," Working Papers id:1249, eSocialSciences.
    5. Alderman, Harold, 2002. "Subsidies as a social safety net: effectiveness and challenges," Social Protection Discussion Papers 25299, The World Bank.
    6. World Bank, 2002. "Colombia : Social Safety Net Assessment," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15361, The World Bank.
    7. Jalan, Jyotsna & Ravallion, Martin, 1999. "Are the poor less well insured? Evidence on vulnerability to income risk in rural China," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 61-81, February.
    8. Sophie Mitra, 2005. "Disability and Social Safety Nets in Developing Countries," World Bank Other Operational Studies 11783, The World Bank.
    9. Jose Silverio Marques, 2003. "Social safety net assessments from Central America : cross-country review of principal findings," Social Protection Discussion Papers 27871, The World Bank.
    10. Maluccio, John A. & Flores, Rafael, 2005. "Impact evaluation of a conditional cash transfer program: the Nicaraguan Red de Protección Social," Research reports 141, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:
    1. Chiwaula, Levison & Waibel, Hermann, 2011. "Does seasonal vulnerability to poverty matter? A case study from the Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands in Nigeria," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 19, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.

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