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Migration des Elites Norme Culturelle et Formation de la Diaspora
[Brain Drain Social Norm and Diaspora Formation]

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  • Jellal, Mohamed

Abstract

One considers a model of accumulation of the human capital in the presence of the international migration offers. One shows that under certain conditions,this option can support the increase in the stock of the national human capital by taking of account the externalities. Thus the `brain drain' would have a positive impact on the national economy under a well controlled restrictive migratory policy. The difficulty of this control scheme leads us to propose an alternative model suggesting the internalisation of the human capital externalities thus allowing the implementation of the social optimum. The mechanism of this internalisation is based on the endogenous creation of cultural norm with the accumulation of the knowledge. This social norm avoids the risks of conditionalities inherent in a migratory policy as a mechanism of internalisation of the externalities of the human capital.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 18011.

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Date of creation: 19 Oct 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:18011

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Keywords: Human capital Formation; Brain Gain; Social Norm ; Diaspora Formation;

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References

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  1. Chennouf, Soheïl & Lévy-Garboua, Louis & Montmarquette, Claude, 1997. "Les effets de l’appartenance à un groupe de travail sur les salaires individuels," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 73(1), pages 207-232, mars-juin.
  2. Michael A. Webb, 1985. "The Brain Drain and Education Opportunity in Less Developed Countries," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 145-155, Apr-Jun.
  3. Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1997. "A brain gain with a brain drain," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 227-234, August.
  4. Benhabib, Jess & Spiegel, Mark M., 1994. "The role of human capital in economic development evidence from aggregate cross-country data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 143-173, October.
  5. Lien, Da-Hsiang Donald, 1993. "Asymmetric Information and the Brain Drain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 169-80, May.
  6. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:15:y:2003:i:10:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Jerry A. Hausman & James M. Poterba, 1987. "Household Behavior and the Tax Reform Act of 1986," NBER Working Papers 2120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2003. "International migration and human capital formation," MPRA Paper 38423, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
  10. Miyagiwa, K., 1989. "Scale Economics In Education And The Brain Drain Problem," Working Papers 89-09, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
  11. James E. Rauch & Vitor Trindade, 1999. "Ethnic Chinese Networks in International Trade," NBER Working Papers 7189, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Nordman, C., 2000. "La formation sur le tas par diffusion du savoir : estimations sur donnees marocaines, mauriciennes et tunisiennes," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 2000.111, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
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