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SPATIAL integration of the rice market: emprirical evidence from mid-west and far-west Nepal and the Nepalese-Indian border

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  • Sanogo, Issa

Abstract

This paper studies the integration of rice markets in the mid-west and far-west districts of Nepal. The data were drawn mainly from the World Food Programme (WFP) database on Nepal. Results indicate that the rice markets of the hinterland are poorly integrated with the regional market of Nepalgunj. In contrast, price fluctuations are transmitted, both in the short and medium run, across the Indian-Nepali border between Nepalgunj and the Indian border districts of Rupedia and Jogbani. Large price differentials relative to transport costs indicate market inefficiencies in the mid-west and far-west districts of Nepal. Moreover, the poor road infrastructure determines the price differentials. Poor infrastructure impedes price correlation and convergence between these districts. Given its opendoor policy with India and the ongoing efforts to further align trade policies with the World Trade Organization, the findings suggest that Nepal would maintain its partnership with India and build an effective market surveillance system that covers the Indian border markets as well, to ensure food security in the short run. However, substantial investment in transport infrastructure is required to improve market integration and accessibility in the long run, especially in the hilly and mountainous areas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 14488.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Publication status: Published in Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development 1.4(2008): pp. 139-156
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:14488

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Keywords: Rice; market integration; Nepal; India;

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  1. Haldrup, Niels, . "Empirical analysis of price data in the delineation of the relevant geographical market in competition analysis," Economics Working Papers 2003-9, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  2. Rashid, Shahidur, 2004. "Spatial integration of maize markets in post-liberalized Uganda," MTID discussion papers 71, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Fafchamps, Marcel & Gavian, Sarah, 1996. "The Spatial Integration of Livestock Markets in Niger," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 5(3), pages 366-405, October.
  4. Christopher B. Barrett, 1996. "Market Analysis Methods: Are Our Enriched Toolkits Well Suited to Enlivened Markets?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(3), pages 825-829.
  5. Chowdhury, Shyamal & Negassa, Asfaw & Torero, Maximo, 2005. "Market institutions: Enhancing the Value of Rural-Urban Links," FCND discussion papers 195, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Fackler, Paul L. & Goodwin, Barry K., 2001. "Spatial price analysis," Handbook of Agricultural Economics, in: B. L. Gardner & G. C. Rausser (ed.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 17, pages 971-1024 Elsevier.
  7. Christopher B. Barrett & Jau Rong Li, 2002. "Distinguishing between Equilibrium and Integration in Spatial Price Analysis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 84(2), pages 292-307.
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Cited by:
  1. Ntsama, Mireille, 2012. "La relation de prix entre le Cameroun et le Gabon
    [Is there a food price transmission between Cameroon and Gabon?]
    ," MPRA Paper 53771, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 May 2013.
  2. Ankamah-Yeboah, Isaac, 2012. "Spatial Price Transmission in the Regional Maize Markets in Ghana," MPRA Paper 49720, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Hernandez-Villafuerte, Karla Vanessa, 2011. "Relationship Between Spatial Price Transmission And Geographical Distance In Brazil," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114545, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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