Labor Markets in South Africa During Apartheid
AbstractConventional wisdom holds that international political pressure and domestic civil unrest in the mid-1970s and 1980s brought an end to apartheid in South Africa. I show that, prior to these events, labor market pressure in the late 1960s/early 1970s caused a dramatic unraveling of apartheid in the workplace. Increased educational attainment among whites reduced resistance to opening semi-skilled jobs to Africans. This institutional change reflected white economic preferences rather than a relaxation of attitudes toward apartheid. I show that whites benefited from the relaxation of job reservation rules and that this is the primary cause of black occupational advancement.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 14127.
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Discrimination; Job Reservation; Education; Labor markets;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N0 - Economic History - - General
- N37 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Africa; Oceania
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2009-03-22 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2009-03-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2009-03-22 (Education)
- NEP-HIS-2009-03-22 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-LAB-2009-03-22 (Labour Economics)
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