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Determining the Impact of Federal Antidiscrimination Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks: A Study of South Carolina

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  • Heckman, James J
  • Payner, Brook S

Abstract

This paper evaluates alternative explanations for the dramatic increase in black employment in South Carolina manufacturing that occurred in the mid-1960s. Black progress in traditionally segregated sectors of manufacturing in operation at the time Jim Crow laws were passed cannot be attributed to tight labor markets, the decline of agriculture, or the growth of education of the black workforce. The only plausible explanation is federal government civil rights and affirmative action policy. For newer industries that entered the state on a large scale after World War II, the growth of skills among blacks accounts for black economic progress. Copyright 1989 by American Economic Association.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 79 (1989)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 138-77

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:79:y:1989:i:1:p:138-77

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  1. Sherwin Rosen, 1981. "Studies in Labor Markets," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number rose81-1.
  2. Orley Ashenfelter & James Heckman, 1974. "Measuring the Effect of an Antidiscrimination Program," Working Papers 432, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  3. Richard B. Freeman, 1973. "Changes in the Labor Market for Black Americans, 1948-72," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 4(1), pages 67-132.
  4. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  5. Smith, James P, 1984. "Race and Human Capital," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(4), pages 685-98, September.
  6. Welch, Finis, 1973. "Black-White Differences in Returns to Schooling," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(5), pages 893-907, December.
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