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Tariff Policy, Increasing Returns and Endogenous Fluctuations

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  • Chen, Yan
  • Zhang, Yan
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Abstract

We study the effects of government tariff policy in a one-sector small open economy RBC model with a productive externality that generates social increasing returns to scale. Various forms of endogenous fluctuations, including stable 2-, 4-, 8-, and 15-cycles, quasiperiodic orbits and chaos can be identified in this model if we introduce a constant tariff or subsidy (applied to the imported production factor) into the laissez-faire economy that exhibits local indeterminacy. In a somewhat different model, Guo and Lansing (2002) show that a constant capital tax or subsidy can give rise to similar dynamics in a closed-economy one sector model with a productive externality. From this perspective, factor income taxes and tariffs are equivalent to generate endogenous fluctuations in those economies with social increasing returns to scale. We further show that in our model, the local determinacy can coexist with the global indeterminacy for a plausible range of tariff rates, which brings our attention to the use of local steady state analysis to make conclusions about the global dynamics of the nonlinear models.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 10061.

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Date of creation: 17 Aug 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10061

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Keywords: Tariff Policy; Global Indeterminacy; Chaos;

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  1. Benhabib, Jess & Farmer, Roger E.A., 1991. "Indeterminacy and Increasing Returns," Working Papers 91-59, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  2. Tarek Coury & Yi Wen, 2007. "Global indeterminacy in locally determinate RBC models," Working Papers 2007-029, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  3. Cazzavillan, Guido, 1996. "Public Spending, Endogenous Growth, and Endogenous Fluctuations," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 394-415, November.
  4. Luís Aguiar-Conraria & Yi Wen, 2007. "Understanding the Large Negative Impact of Oil Shocks," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 39(4), pages 925-944, 06.
  5. Hansen, Gary D., 1985. "Indivisible labor and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 309-327, November.
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