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What causes terrorism?

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  • Tim Krieger

    ()
    (University of Paderborn)

  • Daniel Meierrieks

    (University of Paderborn)

Abstract

Popular beliefs link terrorism to economic, political and social under- development. In this contribution, we comprehensively review the related, most relevant cross-country analyses to ascertain the true determinants of terrorism. The related theoretical underpinnings are presented and com- mon analytical and methodological objections are discussed. In general, we nd that terrorism is closely linked to political instability, sharp divides within the populace, country size and further demographic, institutional and international factors. Sound counter-terrorism policies should work on these prominent root causes of terrorism. Evidence is only marginal that economic performance, structural economic conditions, democrati- zation, education or religious aliation signi cantly interact with terror- ism. Thus, we are skeptical towards popular policy advice that focuses on poverty alleviation, a promotion of economic development, democratiza- tion, education or the like.

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File URL: http://groups.uni-paderborn.de/wp-wiwi/RePEc/pdf/ciepap/WP12.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics in its series Working Papers CIE with number 12.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:12

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Keywords: Determinants of Terrorism; Political Violence; Counter-Terrorism Policies;

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References

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  13. repec:pdn:wpaper:22 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Tavares, Jose, 2004. "The open society assesses its enemies: shocks, disasters and terrorist attacks," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 1039-1070, July.
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  16. Lee, Dwight R, 1988. "Free Riding and Paid Riding in the Fight against Terrorism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 22-26, May.
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  18. Frey, Bruno S. & Luechinger, Simon, 2004. "Decentralization as a disincentive for terror," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 509-515, June.
  19. S. Brock Blomberg & Gregory D. Hess & Akila Weerapana, 2002. "Terrorism From Within: An Economic Model of Terrorism," Claremont Colleges Working Papers, Claremont Colleges 2002-14, Claremont Colleges.
  20. Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard & Mogens Justesen & Robert Klemmensen, 2006. "The political economy of freedom, democracy and transnational terrorism," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 128(1), pages 289-315, July.
  21. Konstantinos Drakos, 2011. "Security Economics: A Guide For Data Availability And Needs," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(2), pages 147-159.
  22. Gassebner, Martin & Jong-A-Pin, Richard & Mierau, Jochen O., 2008. "Terrorism and electoral accountability: One strike, you're out!," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 126-129, July.
  23. Peter Bernholz, 2006. "International political system, supreme values and terrorism," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 128(1), pages 221-231, July.
  24. Tim Krieger & Daniel Meierrieks, 2009. "Terrorism in the Worlds of Welfare Capitalism," Working Papers CIE 22, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.
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