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A common ground for resource and welfare egalitarianism

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  • Juan D. Moreno-Ternero

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide; CORE, Université catholique de Louvain)

  • John E. Roemer

    ()
    (Department of Political Science, Yale University)

Abstract

Resource egalitarianism and welfare egalitarianism are two focal conceptions of distributive justice. We show in this paper that they share a solid common ground. To do so, we analyze a simple model of resource allocation in which agents’ abilities (to transform the resource into an interpersonally comparable outcome) and starting points may differ. Both conceptions of egalitarianism are naturally modeled in this context as two allocation rules. The two rules are jointly characterized by the combination of three appealing axioms: priority, solidarity, and composition.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 11.12.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pab:wpaper:11.12

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Keywords: Team production; budget constraints; efficiency; manipulability; impartiality;

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References

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  1. Fleurbaey, Marc, 2012. "Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199653591, October.
  2. SPRUMONT, Yves & MANIQUET, François, 2006. "Sharing the Cost of a Public Good: An Incentive-Constrained Axiomatic Approach," Cahiers de recherche, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ 06-2006, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  3. Young, H. P., 1988. "Distributive justice in taxation," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 321-335, April.
  4. Thomson, William, 2011. "Chapter Twenty-One - Fair Allocation Rules," Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare, Elsevier, in: K. J. Arrow & A. K. Sen & K. Suzumura (ed.), Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 21, pages 393-506 Elsevier.
  5. Plott, Charles R, 1973. "Path Independence, Rationality, and Social Choice," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 41(6), pages 1075-91, November.
  6. Nash, John, 1950. "The Bargaining Problem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 18(2), pages 155-162, April.
  7. Roemer, John E, 1986. "Equality of Resources Implies Equality of Welfare," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 101(4), pages 751-84, November.
  8. Sprumont, Yves, 1991. "The Division Problem with Single-Peaked Preferences: A Characterization of the Uniform Allocation Rule," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 59(2), pages 509-19, March.
  9. Roemer, John E., 1988. "Axiomatic bargaining theory on economic environments," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 1-31, June.
  10. Fleurbaey,Marc & Maniquet,François, 2011. "A Theory of Fairness and Social Welfare," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521887427.
  11. Youngsub Chun, 1999. "Equivalence of Axioms for Bankruptcy Problems," Working Paper Series, Institute of Economic Research, Seoul National University no1, Institute of Economic Research, Seoul National University.
  12. Hervé Moulin, 2000. "Priority Rules and Other Asymmetric Rationing Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 68(3), pages 643-684, May.
  13. MORENO-TERNERO, Juan D. & ROEMER, John E., . "Impartiality, priority, and solidarity in the theory of justice," CORE Discussion Papers RP, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) -1896, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  14. Sen, Amartya, 1973. "On Economic Inequality," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198281931, October.
  15. Youngsub Chun, 1999. "Equivalence of axioms for bankruptcy problems," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer, Springer, vol. 28(4), pages 511-520.
  16. Ehud Kalai, 1977. "Proportional Solutions to Bargaining Situations: Interpersonal Utility Comparisons," Discussion Papers, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science 179, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
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Cited by:
  1. William Thomson, 2012. "On the axiomatics of resource allocation: Interpreting the consistency principle," RCER Working Papers, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER) 573, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  2. William Thomson, 2013. "Axiomatic and game-theoretic analysis of bankruptcy and taxation problems: an update," RCER Working Papers, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER) 578, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  3. Hougaard, Jens Leth & Moreno-Ternero, Juan D. & Østerdal, Lars Peter, 2012. "Rationing with baselines: The composition extension operator," Discussion Papers of Business and Economics, Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark 23/2012, Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark.

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