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Nominal and Real Wage Rigidities. In Theory and in Europe

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In this paper I study the relation between real wage rigidity (RWR) and nominal price and wage rigidity. I show that in a standard DSGE model RWR is mainly affected by the interaction of the two nominal rigidities and not by other structural parameters. The degree of RWR is, however, considerably influenced by the modelling assumption about the structure of wage contracts (Calvo vs. Taylor) and about other institutional characteristics of wage-setting (clustering of contracts, heterogeneous contract length, indexation). I use survey evidence on price- and wage-setting for 15 European countries to calculate the degrees of RWR implied by the theoretical model. The average levels of RWR are broadly in line with empirical estimates based on macroeconomic data. In order to be able to also match the observed cross-country variation in RWR it is, however, essential to move beyond the country-specific durations of price and wages and to take more institutional details into account.

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Paper provided by Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank) in its series Working Papers with number 161.

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Length: 53
Date of creation: 29 Mar 2010
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Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbwp:161

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Keywords: Inflation Persistence; RealWage Rigidity; NominalWage Rigidity; DSGE models; Staggered Contracts;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Lukas Vogel & Werner Roeger & Bernhard Herz, 2012. "The performance of simple fiscal policy rules in monetary union," European Economy - Economic Papers 470, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  2. Jose Ignacio García Pérez & Victoria Osuna, 2011. "The effects of introducing a single open-ended contract in the Spanish labour market," Working Papers 11.07, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  3. Juillard, M. & Le Bihan, H. & Millard, S., 2013. "Non-uniform wage-staggering: European evidence and monetary policy implications," Working papers 442, Banque de France.
  4. Nicola Acocella & Laura Bisio & Giovanni Di Bartolomeo & Alessandra Pelloni, . "Labor market imperfections, real wage rigidities and financial shocks," Working Papers 80/11, Sapienza University of Rome, Metodi e modelli per l'economia, il territorio e la finanza MEMOTEF.
  5. Mewael F. Tesfaselassie, 2014. "Credible Disinflation and Delayed Slumps under Real Wage Rigidity," Kiel Working Papers 1923, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Markus Knell, 2010. "Nominal and Real Wage Rigidities. In Theory and in Europe," Working Papers 161, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
  7. Vogel, Lukas, 2012. "Structural reforms, fiscal consolidation and external rebalancing in monetary union: A model-based analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 1286-1298.
  8. Druant, Martine & Fabiani, Silvia & Kezdi, Gabor & Lamo, Ana & Martins, Fernando & Sabbatini, Roberto, 2012. "Firms' price and wage adjustment in Europe: Survey evidence on nominal stickiness," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 772-782.
  9. Guido Ascari & Lorenza Rossi, 2010. "Real Wage Rigidities and Disinflation Dynamics: Calvo vs. Rotemberg Pricing," Quaderni di Dipartimento 116, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.
  10. David Amirault & Paul Fenton & Thérèse Laflèche, 2013. "Asking About Wages: Results from the Bank of Canada’s Wage Setting Survey of Canadian Companies," Discussion Papers 13-1, Bank of Canada.

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