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Nominal and real wage rigidities. In theory and in Europe

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  • Knell, Markus

Abstract

In this paper I study the relation between real wage rigidity (RWR) and nominal price and wage rigidity. I show that in a standard DSGE model RWR is mainly affected by the interaction of the two nominal rigidities and not by other structural parameters. The degree of RWR is, however, considerably influenced by the modelling assumption about the structure of wage contracts (Calvo vs. Taylor) and about other institutional characteristics of wage-setting (clustering of contracts, heterogeneous contract length, indexation). I use survey evidence on price- and wage-setting for 15 European countries to calculate the degrees of RWR implied by the theoretical model. The average levels of RWR are broadly in line with empirical estimates based on macroeconomic data. In order to be able to also match the observed cross-country variation in RWR it is, however, essential to move beyond the country-specific durations of price and wages and to take more institutional details into account. JEL Classification: E31, E32, E24, J51

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 1180.

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Date of creation: Apr 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20101180

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Keywords: DSGE Models; Inflation persistence; Nominal Wage Rigidity; Real Wage Rigidity; staggered contracts;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Markus Knell, 2010. "Nominal and Real Wage Rigidities. In Theory and in Europe," Working Papers 161, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
  2. Lukas Vogel & Werner Roeger & Bernhard Herz, 2013. "The Performance of Simple Fiscal Policy Rules in Monetary Union," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 165-196, February.
  3. Jose Ignacio García Pérez & Victoria Osuna, 2011. "The effects of introducing a single open-ended contract in the Spanish labour market," Working Papers 11.07, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  4. Vogel, Lukas, 2012. "Structural reforms, fiscal consolidation and external rebalancing in monetary union: A model-based analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 1286-1298.
  5. Juillard, Michel & Le Bihan, Herve & Millard, Stephen, 2013. "Non-uniform wage-staggering: European evidence and monetary policy implications," Bank of England working papers 477, Bank of England.
  6. Druant, Martine & Fabiani, Silvia & Kezdi, Gabor & Lamo, Ana & Martins, Fernando & Sabbatini, Roberto, 2012. "Firms' price and wage adjustment in Europe: Survey evidence on nominal stickiness," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 772-782.
  7. Acocella Nicola & Bisio Laura & Di Bartolomeo Giovanni & Pelloni Alessandra, 2011. "Labor market imperfections, real wage rigidities and financial shocks," wp.comunite 0070, Department of Communication, University of Teramo.
  8. David Amirault & Paul Fenton & Thérèse Laflèche, 2013. "Asking About Wages: Results from the Bank of Canada’s Wage Setting Survey of Canadian Companies," Discussion Papers 13-1, Bank of Canada.
  9. Guido Ascari & Lorenza Rossi, 2010. "Real Wage Rigidities and Disinflation Dynamics: Calvo vs. Rotemberg Pricing," Quaderni di Dipartimento 116, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.
  10. Mewael F. Tesfaselassie, 2014. "Credible Disinflation and Delayed Slumps under Real Wage Rigidity," Kiel Working Papers 1923, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

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