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Transitions in and out of Unemployment among Young People in the Irish Recession

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  • Elish Kelly
  • Seamus McGuinness
  • Philip O’Connell
  • David Haugh
  • Alberto González Pandiella

Abstract

Young people have been hit hard by unemployment during the Irish recession. While much research has been undertaken to study the effects of the recession on overall labour market dynamics, little is known about the specific effects on youth unemployment and the associated challenges. This paper attempts to fill this gap by comparing the profile of transitions to work before the recession (2006) and as the economy emerged from the recession (2011). The results indicate that the rate of transition of the youth from unemployment to employment fell dramatically. The fall is not due to changes in the composition or the characteristics of the unemployed group but to changes in the external environment, which implied that the impact of certain individual characteristics changed over the course of the recession. In particular, for youth, education and nationality have become more important for finding a job in Ireland. Les transitions de périodes de chômage et emploi parmi les jeunes dans la récession irlandaise Les jeunes ont été durement frappés par le chômage pendant la récession irlandaise. Beaucoup de recherches ont été menées pour étudier les effets de la récession sur la dynamique globale du marché du travail, mais on sait peu de ses effets spécifiques sur le chômage des jeunes et les défis associés. Cet article tente de combler cette lacune en comparant le profil des transitions vers le travail avant la récession (2006) et au moment où l'économie a émergé de la récession (2011). Les résultats indiquent que le taux de transition des jeunes du chômage à l'emploi a diminué de façon spectaculaire. La chute n'est pas due à des changements dans la composition ou les caractéristiques du groupe des chômeurs, mais à des changements dans l'environnement externe, ce qui implique que l'impact de certaines caractéristiques individuelles a changé au cours de la récession. En particulier, pour les jeunes, l'éducation et la nationalité sont devenus plus importants pour trouver un emploi en Irlande.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 1084.

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Date of creation: 16 Aug 2013
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1084-en

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Keywords: Ireland; transitions; decomposition techniques; youth unemployment; longitudinal data; Great recession; transitions; techniques de décomposition; données longitudinales; Grande récession; chômage des jeunes;

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  1. Kelly, Elish & McGuinness, Seamus & O'Connell, Philip J., 2011. "Transitions to Long-Term Unemployment Risk Among Young People: Evidence from Ireland," Papers WP394, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  2. Henry S. Farber & Robert G. Valletta, 2013. "Do Extended Unemployment Benefits Lengthen Unemployment Spells? Evidence from Recent Cycles in the U.S. Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 19048, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Ronald Bachmann & Mathias Sinning, 2011. "Decomposing the Ins and Outs of Cyclical Unemployment," Ruhr Economic Papers 0305, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  4. Henry S. Farber & Robert G. Valletta, 2013. "Do extended unemployment benefits lengthen unemployment spells? evidence from recent cycles in the U.S. labor market," Working Paper Series 2013-09, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  5. Gomes, Pedro, 2012. "Labour market flows: Facts from the United Kingdom," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 165-175.
  6. Farber, Henry & Valletta, Robert G., 2013. "Do Extended Unemployment Benefits Lengthen Unemployment Spells? Evidence from Recent Cycles in the U.S. Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 7347, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Durkan, Joe & Duffy, David & O'Sullivan, Cormac, 2011. "Quarterly Economic Commentary, Summer 2011," Forecasting Report, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number QEC20112, March.
  8. Duffy, David & Durkan, Joe & Timoney, Kevin & Casey, Eddie, 2013. "Quarterly Economic Commentary, Winter 2012," Forecasting Report, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number QEC20124, March.
  9. Juan J. Dolado & Marcel Jansen & Florentino Felgueroso & Andrés Fuentes & Anita Wölfl, 2013. "Youth Labour Market Performance in Spain and its Determinants: A Micro-Level Perspective," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1039, OECD Publishing.
  10. Helen Russell & Philip J. O’Connell, 2004. "Women Returning to Employment, Education and Training in Ireland - An Analysis of Transitions," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 35(1), pages 1-25.
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Cited by:
  1. Conefrey, Thomas & McCarthy, Yvonne & Sherman, Martina, 2013. "Re-employment Probabilities for Unemployed Workers in Ireland," Economic Letters 06/EL/13, Central Bank of Ireland.

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