The Distribution of Public Sector Wage Premia: New Evidence Using Quantile Regression Methods
AbstractThis paper documents the changing pattern of wage differentials between state and local government employees and their private sector counterparts during the 1979-1992 period. While the relative wages of women employed in the two sectors changed very little during this period, the relative wages of men employed in the state and local sector rose nearly 8%. There is substantial heterogeneity in the changes in relative wages of public and private sector employees during the 1980s. For highly educated workers, private sector wages rose significantly faster than public sector wages, while for those with at most a high school education, the public sector wage premium increased. We present both least squares and quantile regression estimates of the public sector premium. While the level of this premium is sensitive to our choice of quantile, the change in the premium, and the estimated pattern across skill levels, is not substantially affected by varying the quantile.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 4734.
Date of creation: May 1994
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as Poterba, James M. and Kim S. Rueben. "The Effect Of Property-Tax Limits On Wages And Employment In The Local Public Sector," American Economic Review, 1995, v85(2), 384-389.
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
- J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
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