The Effect of Multinational Firms' Operations on Their Domestic Employment
AbstractGiven the level of its production in the U.S., a firm that produces more abroad tends to have fewer employees in the U.S. and to pay slightly higher salaries and wages to them. The most likely explanation seems to be that the larger a firm's foreign production, the greater its ability to allocate the more labor-intensive and less skill-intensive portions of its activity to locations outside the United States. This relationship is stronger among manufacturing firms than among service industry firms, probably because services are less tradable than manufactured goods or components, and service industries may therefore be less able to break up the production process to take advantage of differences in factor prices.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 2760.
Date of creation: Nov 1988
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as "Parent Firms and their Foreign Subsidiaries in Goods and Service Indudtries." International trade and Finance Association, 1991, Proceedings, pp. 207-222.
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- Magnus Blomstrom & Robert E. Lipsey & Ksenia Kulchycky, 1987.
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NBER Working Papers
2390, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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- Lipsey, Robert E & Weiss, Merle Yahr, 1984. "Foreign Production and Exports of Individual Firms," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 66(2), pages 304-08, May.
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