When the Levee Breaks: Black Migration and Economic Development in the American South
AbstractIn the American South, post-bellum economic stagnation has been partially attributed to white landowners' access to low-wage black labor; indeed, Southern economic convergence from 1940 to 1970 was associated with substantial black out-migration. This paper examines the impact of the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 on agricultural development. Flooded counties experienced an immediate and persistent out-migration of black population. Over time, landowners in flooded counties dramatically mechanized and modernized agricultural production relative to landowners in nearby similar non-flooded counties. Landowners resisted black out-migration, however, benefiting from the status quo system of labor-intensive agricultural production.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18296.
Date of creation: Aug 2012
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N32 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
- N52 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
- O10 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- When the Levee Breaks: Black Migration and Economic Development in the American South, R. Hornbeck and S. Naidu (2012)
by afinetheorem in A Fine Theorem on 2012-10-01 09:32:07
- Morgan Kelly & Joel Mokyr & Cormac Ó Gráda, 2013. "Precocious Albion: a New Interpretation of the British Industrial Revolution," Working Papers 201311, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
- Patrick M. Kline & Enrico Moretti, 2013.
"Local Economic Development, Agglomeration Economies, and the Big Push: 100 Years of Evidence from the Tennessee Valley Authority,"
NBER Working Papers
19293, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Patrick Kline & Enrico Moretti, 2013. "Local Economic Development, Agglomeration Economies and the Big Push: 100 Years of Evidence from the Tennessee Valley Authority," Working Paper Series 43_13, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
- Kline, Patrick & Moretti, Enrico, 2013. "Local Economic Development, Agglomeration Economies, and the Big Push: 100 Years of Evidence from the Tennessee Valley Authority," CEPR Discussion Papers 9593, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Philipp Ager, 2013. "The Persistence of de Facto Power: Elites and Economic Development in the US South, 1840-1960," Working Papers 0038, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
- Ganong, Peter & Shoag, Daniel, 2012. "Why Has Regional Convergence in the U.S. Stopped?," Working Paper Series rwp12-028, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
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