Moving to Higher Ground: Migration Response to Natural Disasters in the Early Twentieth Century
AbstractAreas differ in their propensity to experience natural disasters. Exposure to disaster risks can be reduced either through migration (i.e., self-protection) or through public infrastructure investment (e.g., building seawalls). Using migration data from the 1920s and 1930s, this paper studies how the population responded to disaster shocks in an era of minimal public investment. We find that, on net, young men move away from areas hit by tornados but are attracted to areas experiencing floods. Early efforts to protect against future flooding, especially during the New Deal era of the late 1930s, may have counteracted an individual migration response.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.
Volume (Year): 102 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
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by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2012-12-22 19:24:00
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by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2013-02-10 16:30:00
- Al Gores Nuanced Support for Climate Change Adaptation Efforts
by Matthew E. Kahn in The Reality-Based Community on 2013-02-10 16:36:53
- Not Moving to Higher Ground
by Matthew E. Kahn in The Reality-Based Community on 2013-04-27 15:46:34
- Adapting to Flood Risk in Iowa: Federal Rebuilding Funds and Moral Hazard
by Matthew E. Kahn in The Reality-Based Community on 2013-07-12 18:41:07
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- Noy, Ilan & Karim, Azreen, 2013. "Poverty, inequality and natural disasters – A survey," Working Paper Series 2974, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
- Yoshito Takasaki, 2013. "Do natural disasters beget fraud victimization?: Unrealized coping through labor migration among the poor," Tsukuba Economics Working Papers 2013-002, Economics, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba.
- Melissa Dell & Benjamin F. Jones & Benjamin A. Olken, 2013. "What Do We Learn from the Weather? The New Climate-Economy Literature," NBER Working Papers 19578, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Trond Husby & Henri L.F. de Groot & Marjan W. Hofkes & Martijn I. DrÃ¶es, 2013. "The Great North Sea Flood of 1953, The Deltaworks and the spatial distribution of people," ERSA conference papers ersa13p909, European Regional Science Association.
- Safarzyńska, Karolina & Brouwer, Roy & Hofkes, Marjan, 2013. "Evolutionary modelling of the macro-economic impacts of catastrophic flood events," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 108-118.
- Trond G. Husby & Henri L.F. de Groot & Marjan W. Hofkes & Martijn I. Dröes, 2013. "Do Floods have Permanent Effects? Evidence from the Netherlands," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-159/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
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