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Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity

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  • Gabriella Conti
  • Christopher Hansman
  • James J. Heckman
  • Matthew F. X. Novak
  • Angela Ruggiero
  • Stephen J. Suomi

Abstract

This paper exploits a unique ongoing experiment to analyze the effects of early rearing conditions on physical and mental health in a sample of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). We analyze the health records of 231 monkeys which were randomly allocated at birth across three rearing conditions: Mother Rearing, Peer Rearing, and Surrogate Peer Rearing. We show that the lack of a secure attachment relationship in the early years engendered by adverse rearing conditions has detrimental long-term effects on health which are not compensated by a normal social environment later in life.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18002.

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Date of creation: Apr 2012
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Publication status: published as “Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity” (with C. Hansman, J.J. Heckman, M. Novak, A.M. Ruggiero and S.J. Suomi). PNAS, 21 May 2012. Also available as NBER Working Paper no. 18002 and as IZA Discussion Paper no. 6495. Featured in the TIME and in The Science of Being Human.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18002

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References

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  1. James Heckman & Seong Hyeok Moon & Rodrigo Pinto & Peter Savelyev & Adam Yavitz, 2010. "Analyzing social experiments as implemented: A reexamination of the evidence from the HighScope Perry Preschool Program," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 1(1), pages 1-46, 07.
  2. Joseph Romano & Michael Wolf, 2003. "Exact and approximate stepdown methods for multiple hypothesis testing," Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra 727, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
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Cited by:
  1. James J. Heckman & Stefano Mosso, 2014. "The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, Annual Reviews, vol. 6(1), pages 689-733, 08.
  2. Cole, Steven W. & Conti, Gabriella & Arevalo, Jesusa M. & Ruggiero, Angela M. & Heckman, James J. & Suomi, Stephen J., 2012. "Transcriptional Modulation of the Developing Immune System by Early Life Social Adversity," IZA Discussion Papers 6915, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Chevalier, Arnaud & Marie, Olivier, 2013. "Economic Uncertainty, Parental Selection, and the Criminal Activity of the 'Children of the Wall'," IZA Discussion Papers 7712, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Gabriella Conti & James J. Heckman, 2012. "The Developmental Approach to Child and Adult Health," NBER Working Papers 18664, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Anna Aizer & Flávio Cunha, 2012. "The Production of Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility," NBER Working Papers 18429, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Gabriella Conti & James J. Heckman, 2012. "The Economics of Child Well-Being," NBER Working Papers 18466, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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