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Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity

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  • Gabriella Conti
  • Christopher Hansman
  • James J. Heckman
  • Matthew F. X. Novak
  • Angela Ruggiero
  • Stephen J. Suomi

Abstract

This paper exploits a unique ongoing experiment to analyze the effects of early rearing conditions on physical and mental health in a sample of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). We analyze the health records of 231 monkeys which were randomly allocated at birth across three rearing conditions: Mother Rearing, Peer Rearing, and Surrogate Peer Rearing. We show that the lack of a secure attachment relationship in the early years engendered by adverse rearing conditions has detrimental long-term effects on health which are not compensated by a normal social environment later in life.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18002.

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Date of creation: Apr 2012
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Publication status: published as “Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity” (with C. Hansman, J.J. Heckman, M. Novak, A.M. Ruggiero and S.J. Suomi). PNAS, 21 May 2012. Also available as NBER Working Paper no. 18002 and as IZA Discussion Paper no. 6495. Featured in the TIME and in The Science of Being Human.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18002

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References

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  1. Heckman, James J. & Moon, Seong Hyeok & Pinto, Rodrigo & Savelyev, Peter & Yavitz, Adam, 2010. "Analyzing Social Experiments as Implemented: A Reexamination of the Evidence from the HighScope Perry Preschool Program," IZA Discussion Papers 5095, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Joseph P. Romano & Michael Wolf, 2005. "Exact and Approximate Stepdown Methods for Multiple Hypothesis Testing," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 94-108, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Anna Aizer & Flávio Cunha, 2012. "The Production of Human Capital: Endowments, Investments and Fertility," NBER Working Papers 18429, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. James J. Heckman & Stefano Mosso, 2014. "The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility," Working Papers 2014-004, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
  3. Chevalier A. & Marie O. & Marie O., 2013. "Economic uncertainty, parental selection, and the criminal activity of the 'children of the wall'," ROA Research Memorandum 020, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  4. Cole, Steven W. & Conti, Gabriella & Arevalo, Jesusa M. & Ruggiero, Angela M. & Heckman, James J. & Suomi, Stephen J., 2012. "Transcriptional Modulation of the Developing Immune System by Early Life Social Adversity," IZA Discussion Papers 6915, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Conti, Gabriella & Heckman, James J., 2012. "The Economics of Child Well-Being," IZA Discussion Papers 6930, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Gabriella Conti & James J. Heckman, 2012. "The Developmental Approach to Child and Adult Health," NBER Working Papers 18664, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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