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Macroeconomic Conditions and Capital Raising

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  • Isil Erel
  • Brandon Julio
  • Woojin Kim
  • Michael S. Weisbach

Abstract

Do macroeconomic conditions affect firms’ abilities to raise capital? If so, how do they affect the manner in which the capital is raised? We address these questions using a large sample of publicly-traded debt issues, seasoned equity offers, bank loans and private placements of equity and debt. Our results suggest that a borrower’s credit quality significantly affects its ability to raise capital during macroeconomic downturns. For noninvestment-grade borrowers, capital raising tends to be procyclical while for investment-grade borrowers, it is countercyclical. Moreover, proceeds raised by investment grade firms are more likely to be held in cash in recessions than in expansions. Poor market conditions also affect the structure of securities offered, shifting them towards shorter maturities and more security. Overall, our results suggest that macroeconomic conditions influence the securities that firms issue to raise capital, the way in which these securities are structured and indeed firms’ ability to raise capital at all. This influence likely occurs primarily through the effect of macroeconomic conditions on the supply of capital.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 16941.

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Date of creation: Apr 2011
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Publication status: published as Isil Erel & Brandon Julio & Woojin Kim & Michael S. Weisbach, 2012. "Macroeconomic Conditions and Capital Raising," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 25(2), pages 341-376.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16941

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Cited by:
  1. Konstantin Milbradt & Martin Oehmke, 2014. "Maturity Rationing and Collective Short-Termism," NBER Working Papers 19946, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Drobetz, Wolfgang & Gounopoulos, Dimitrios & Merikas, Andreas & Schröder, Henning, 2013. "Capital structure decisions of globally-listed shipping companies," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 49-76.
  3. Kathleen M. Kahle & René M. Stulz, 2010. "Financial Policies and the Financial Crisis: How Important Was the Systemic Credit Contraction for Industrial Corporations?," NBER Working Papers 16310, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Dutordoir, Marie & Strong, Norman & Ziegan, Marius C., 2014. "Does corporate governance influence convertible bond issuance?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 80-100.
  5. Kahle, Kathleen M. & Stulz, Rene M., 2011. "Financial Policies, Investment, and the Financial Crisis: Impaired Credit Channel or Diminished Demand for Capital?," Working Paper Series 2011-3, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
  6. Hui Chen & Yu Xu & Jun Yang, 2012. "Systematic Risk, Debt Maturity, and the Term Structure of Credit Spreads," NBER Working Papers 18367, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Dang, Viet Anh, 2013. "An empirical analysis of zero-leverage firms: New evidence from the UK," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 189-202.
  8. Teodora Paligorova & João A. C. Santos, 2012. "When Is It Less Costly for Risky Firms to Borrow? Evidence from the Bank Risk-Taking Channel of Monetary Policy," Working Papers 12-10, Bank of Canada.
  9. Jongha Lim & Bernadette A. Minton & Michael Weisbach, 2012. "Syndicated Loan Spreads and the Composition of the Syndicate," NBER Working Papers 18356, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Arnold, Marc & Hackbarth, Dirk & Puhan, Tatjana-Xenia, 2013. "Financing Asset Sales and Business Cycles," Working Papers on Finance 1320, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
  11. Custódio, Cláudia & Ferreira, Miguel A. & Laureano, Luís, 2013. "Why are US firms using more short-term debt?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 182-212.

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