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Efectos de la reducción de la jornada laboral en un modelo con dos sectores

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En tiempos de crisis económicas, con altas tasas de paro, no debemos desconsiderar ninguna política susceptible de crear empleo. La reducción de la jornada laboral es una de ellas. La aplicación de cualquier política puede tener consecuencias distintas si se aplica en contextos diferentes. En este trabajo se estudian los efectos de la aplicación de una política de reducción de la jornada laboral en un modelo de equilibrio general con heterogeneidad en la parte de las empresas: se divide la economía en dos sectores. Las claves del modelo son la existencia de distintas productividades en las horas de trabajo para cada sector y la existencia de costes de ajuste o tiempo que dedica cada trabajador a adaptarse al puesto de trabajo al principio de la jornada. Para ello se ha construido un modelo de equilibrio general con función de emparejamiento, en el que la población se divide en dos grupos: los activos (entre los que se diferencia a los parados de los ocupados) y los inactivos. Ante la nueva jornada más reducida parte de los trabajadores inactivos deciden incorporarse a la tasa de activos. Los resultados muestran que la reducción de la jornada laboral tiene efectos más positivos sobre el empleo si se aplica en sectores con productividad más baja y con menores costes de ajuste. Los nuevos trabajadores que se incorporan a las jornadas más cortas son más productivos ya que no tienen el efecto “cansancio acumulado” y siempre y cuando el tiempo dedicado a adaptarse al puesto de trabajo no sea muy alto, las horas de trabajo de estos nuevos trabajadores serán más productivas que las últimas de las jornadas más largas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra in its series Documentos de Trabajo - Lan Gaiak Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra with number 1203.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Publication status: Published in
Handle: RePEc:nav:ecupna:1203

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Related research

Keywords: General equilibrium; One; two and multisector growth models; Time allocation and labor supply; Matching models.;

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  1. Ernst Fehr & Alexander Klein & Klaus M Schmidt, 2007. "Fairness and Contract Design," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(1), pages 121-154, 01.
  2. Josse Delfgaauw & Robert Dur, 2004. "Incentives and Workers' Motivation in the Public Sector," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-060/1, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Tim Besley & Maitreesh Ghatak, 2005. "Competition and incentives with motivated agents," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 928, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  4. Mellström, Carl & Johannesson, Magnus, 2005. "Crowding Out in Blood Donation: Was Titmuss Right?," Working Papers in Economics 180, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised 08 Feb 2008.
  5. Kevin Murdock, 2002. "Intrinsic Motivation and Optimal Incentive Contracts," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 33(4), pages 650-671, Winter.
  6. Frey, Bruno S & Jegen, Reto, 2001. " Motivation Crowding Theory," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(5), pages 589-611, December.
  7. Barros, Pedro Pita, 2003. "Cream-skimming, incentives for efficiency and payment system," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 419-443, May.
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