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Fairness and Contract Design

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  • Fehr, Ernst
  • Klein, Alexander
  • Schmidt, Klaus M.

Abstract

We show experimentally that fairness concerns may have a decisive impact on the actual and optimal choice of contracts in a moral hazard context. Bonus contracts that offer a voluntary and unenforceable bonus for satisfactory performance provide powerful incentives and are superior to explicit incentive contracts when there are some fair-minded players. But trust contracts that pay a generous wage upfront are less efficient than incentive contracts. The principals understand this and predominantly choose the bonus contracts. Our results are consistent with recently developed theories of fairness, which offer important new insights into the interaction of contract choices, fairness and incentives.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich in its series Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems with number 67.

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Date of creation: Nov 2005
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Handle: RePEc:trf:wpaper:67

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Keywords: Moral Hazard; Incentives; Bonus Contract; Trust Contract; Fairness; Inequity Aversion;

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