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Forest Degradation in the Himalayas: Determinants and Policy Options

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  • Jean-Marie Baland

    ()
    (Center for Research in the Economics of Development, University of Namur)

  • Sanghamitra Das

    (Indian Statistical Institute)

  • Dilip Mookherjee

    (Boston University)

Abstract

This paper summarizes findings from a decade-long project on forest degradation in the mid-Himalayan region of India and Nepal. The analysis is based on LSMS data for Nepal and field work in Indian states of Uttaranchal and Himachal Pradesh comprising sample surveys of forests, households and village communities, besides commissioned anthropological studies for select villages. The purpose was to ascertain the nature and magnitude of deforestation and degradation from ground-level forest measurements, its implications for living standards of local communities, the contribution of different factors commonly alleged such as local poverty, inequality, economic growth, demographic changes, property rights and lack of collective action by local communities. Principal findings, policy implications and questions for future research are discussed.

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File URL: http://www.fundp.ac.be/eco/economie/recherche/wpseries/wp/1116.pdf
File Function: First version, 2011
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Namur, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1116.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nam:wpaper:1116

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  1. Jean-Marie Baland & Pranab Bardhan & Sanghamitra Das & Dilip Mookherjee & Rinki Sarkar, 2006. "MANAGING THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES OF GROWTH Forest Degradation in the Indian Mid-Himalayas," Boston University - Department of Economics - The Institute for Economic Development Working Papers Series, Boston University - Department of Economics dp-161, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  2. Pitt, Mark M., 1985. "Equity, externalities and energy subsidies The case of kerosine in Indonesia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 201-217, April.
  3. Ghazala Mansuri, 2004. "Community-Based and -Driven Development: A Critical Review," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 19(1), pages 1-39.
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  6. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1994. "Economic Growth and the Environment," NBER Working Papers 4634, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Jean-Marie Baland & Pranab Bardhan & Sanghamitra Das & Dilip Mookherjee & Rinki Sarkar, 2010. "The Environmental Impact of Poverty: Evidence from Firewood Collection in Rural Nepal," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(1), pages 23-61, October.
  8. Andrew D. Foster & Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2003. "Economic Growth And The Rise Of Forests," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 118(2), pages 601-637, May.
  9. Barbier, Edward B., 1997. "Introduction to the environmental Kuznets curve special issue," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 357-367, November.
  10. Dayton-Johnson, Jeff & Bardhan, Pranab, 1996. "Inequality and Conservation on the Local Commons: A Theoretical Exercise," Center for International and Development Economics Research, Working Paper Series, Center for International and Development Economics Research, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkele qt7f9913w9, Center for International and Development Economics Research, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  11. Cooke, Priscilla A., 1998. "The effect of environmental good scarcity on own-farm labor allocation: the case of agricultural households in rural Nepal," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(04), pages 443-469, October.
  12. Edmonds, Eric V., 2002. "Government-initiated community resource management and local resource extraction from Nepal's forests," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 89-115, June.
  13. Gani Aldashev & Catherine Guirkinger, 2011. "Deadly Anchor: Gender Bias under Russian Colonization of Kazakhstan, 1898-1908," Working Papers, University of Namur, Department of Economics 1111, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
  14. Duraiappah, Anantha K., 1998. "Poverty and environmental degradation: A review and analysis of the nexus," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(12), pages 2169-2179, December.
  15. Jean-Marie Baland & Pranab Bardhan & Sanghamitra Das & Dilip Mookherjee, 2008. "Forests to the People: Decentralization and Forest Degradation in the Indian Himalayas," Boston University - Department of Economics - The Institute for Economic Development Working Papers Series, Boston University - Department of Economics dp-169, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  16. Lele, Sharachchandra M., 1991. "Sustainable development: A critical review," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 607-621, June.
  17. J-P. Platteau & A. Abraham, 2002. "Participatory Development in the Presence of Endogenous Community Imperfections," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(2), pages 104-136.
  18. Baland, Jean-Marie & Platteau, Jean-Philippe, 2000. "Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities?," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198290612, October.
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