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Discrimination et marché du travail urbain : Le cas d'Abidjan en Côte d'Ivoire

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L'objet de ce travail est de mettre en évidence l'acuité du phénomène de discrimination économique dans certains pays en développement. On étudiera pour cela le cas du marché du travail urbain d'Abidjan en Côte d'Ivoire. Deux principaux axes d'analyse se dégagent. D'une part, l'étude des théories et des méthodes de mesure de la discrimination sur le marché du travail démontre la diversité et la complexité des processus discriminatoires susceptibles d'interférer avec les mécanismes du marché du travail. D'autre part, l'analyse empirique du marché du travail d'Abidjan souligne très nettement la part considérable prise par la discrimination dans l'explication des différentiels de rémunération entre groupes socio-économiques. De plus, elle permet d'évaluer l'importance des coûts économiques directement liés aux divers comportements discriminatoires.

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 15.

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Length: 58 pages
Date of creation: Feb 1997
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Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:15

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  1. David Neumark, 1987. "Employers' discriminatory behavior and the estimation of wage discrimination," Special Studies Papers 227, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Piore, Michael J, 1973. "Fragments of a "Sociological" Theory of Wages," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(2), pages 377-84, May.
  3. Bergmann, Barbara R, 1971. "The Effect on White Incomes of Discrimination in Employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 79(2), pages 294-313, March-Apr.
  4. Reimers, Cordelia W, 1983. "Labor Market Discrimination against Hispanic and Black Men," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(4), pages 570-79, November.
  5. Cotton, Jeremiah, 1988. "On the Decomposition of Wage Differentials," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 236-43, May.
  6. Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 5-21, March.
  7. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
  8. Debra A. Barbezat, 1987. "Salary Differentials by Sex in the Academic Labor Market," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(3), pages 422-428.
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