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Blaupause für eine nachhaltige Rentenreform in Deutschland

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  • Börsch-Supan, Axel
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    Abstract

    Auch nach der Rentenreform 2001 wird das Alterseinkommen im wesentlichen von der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung nach dem Umlageverfahren getragen werden. Die weiterhin unterschätzte Alterung der Bevölkerung und die weiterhin bestehenden Anreizeffekte auf das Arbeitskräfteangebot werden jedoch nach wie vor die gesetzliche Rentenversicherung unter großen Druck setzen. Dieses Papier vertritt den Standpunkt, daß eine nachhaltige Sanierung der Rentenversicherung nur erreichbar ist, wenn sie auf den folgenden drei sich gegenseitig bedingenden Elementen aufbaut: erstens auf einer reformierten umlagefinanzierten Pflichtversicherungssäule, die versicherungsmathematisch angepasst ist, der ein transparentes Kontensystem zugrunde liegt und die Beitragssätze auf ihrer jetzigen Höhe einfriert; zweitens auf einer kapitalgedeckten Säule, die die anstehende Alterslast finanziert und im Stil von Gruppenversicherungen von Arbeitgebern und Arbeitnehmern gemeinsam organisiert wird. Drittens sollte das Zusammenspiel dieser beiden Säulen durch Umverteilungselemente ergänzt werden, die ein Mindestalterseinkommen garantieren und die Bildung von Humankapital verstärken.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre in its series Discussion Papers with number 599.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:mnh:vpaper:1012

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    1. Borsch-Supan, Axel & Schnabel, Reinhold, 1998. "Social Security and Declining Labor-Force Participation in Germany," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 173-78, May.
    2. Sikandar Siddiqui, 1997. "The pension incentive to retire: Empirical evidence for West Germany," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 463-486.
    3. Martin Feldstein, 1998. "Introduction to "Privatizing Social Security"," NBER Chapters, in: Privatizing Social Security, pages 1-29 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Browning, Edgar K, 1975. "Why the Social Insurance Budget Is Too Large in a Democracy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 13(3), pages 373-88, September.
    5. Brunner, Johann K., 1993. "Redistribution and the efficiency of the pay-as-you-go pension system," Discussion Papers, Series 1 265, University of Konstanz, Department of Economics.
    6. Martin Feldstein & Andrew Samwick, 1998. "The Transition Path in Privatizing Social Security," NBER Chapters, in: Privatizing Social Security, pages 215-264 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Walliser, Jan & Winter, Joachim, 1998. "Tax incentives, bequest motives and the demand for life insurance: evidence from Germany," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 99-28, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
    8. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus, 1995. "Pension reform and growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1471, The World Bank.
    9. Börsch-Supan, Axel & Tumbarello, Patrizia & Palacios, Robert, 1999. "Pension systems in the Middle East and North Africa: A window of opportunity," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 99-44, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
    10. Robert Holzmann, 1997. "Pension Reform, Financial Market Development, and Economic Growth: Preliminary Evidence from Chile," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 44(2), pages 149-178, June.
    11. Martin Feldstein, 1998. "Privatizing Social Security," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number feld98-1, October.
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