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Poverty and Inequality in Ireland: A Comparison using Measures of Income and Consumption

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  • Donal O'Neill

    ()

  • Olive Sweetman

    ()
    (Economics, National University of Ireland, Maynooth)

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    Abstract

    This paper provides a detailed description of recent trends in inequality and poverty in Ireland. To date most of the analysis of inequality and poverty in Ireland has used cross-section data on income. We supplement the information on income with detailed data on individual expenditure taken from the Household Budget Survey. For both measures of resources we provide a detailed analysis of changes in inequality and poverty over the last decade. While our results on inequality are not sensitive to the choice of resource measure used, the identification of people in poverty differs across measures. Self-employed households fare better when expenditure is used to measure resources while the opposite is true for households headed by individuals who are retired or on home duties.

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    File URL: http://economics.nuim.ie/research/workingpapers/documents/N860399.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth in its series Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series with number n860399.

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    Length: 29 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 1999
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:may:mayecw:n860399

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    Postal: Maynooth, Co. Kildare
    Phone: 353-1-7083728
    Fax: 353-1-7083934
    Web page: http://economics.nuim.ie
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    1. Paul Gregg, 1996. "It Takes Two: Employment Polarisation in the OECD," CEP Discussion Papers dp0304, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    2. Banks, James & Blundell, Richard & Tanner, Sarah, 1998. "Is There a Retirement-Savings Puzzle?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(4), pages 769-88, September.
    3. Callan, Tim & Nolan, Brian & Whelan, Christopher T., 1996. "A Review of the Commission on Social Welfare's Minimum Adequate Income," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number PRS29.
    4. repec:ese:iserwp:96-19 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Caballero, Ricardo J., 1990. "Consumption puzzles and precautionary savings," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 113-136, January.
    6. Kay, J. A. & Keen, M. J. & Morris, C. N., 1984. "Estimating consumption from expenditure data," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1-2), pages 169-181.
    7. Barrett, Alan & Callan, Tim & Nolan, Brian, 1997. "The Earnings Distribution and Returns to Education in Ireland, 1987-94," CEPR Discussion Papers 1679, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Bruce Bradbury, 1996. "Are the Low Income Self-employed Poor?," Discussion Papers 0073, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
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