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Rivalry in the U.S. Airline Industry

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  • Barla, Philippe

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Abstract

In this paper, we use Market Share Instability (MSI) as a measure of the intensity of competition among airlines on a specific route. This measure is used to capture not only price competition but also non-price competition notably capacity competition. We test the effect of different variables (used in pricing studies) on MSI on a sample of 400 routes over the period 1987 to 1993. Most of the results found in pricing studies are confirmed using this measure of rivalry. For example the presence of a bankrupt carrier increases rivalry but extensive multimarket contact between rivals decreases competition. We also find that MSI was significantly lower in the early nineties when demand conditions were weak. A decline in the intensity of capacity competition could explain that result.

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File URL: http://www.ecn.ulaval.ca/w3/recherche/cahiers/1996/9603.pdf
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Paper provided by Université Laval - Département d'économique in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 9603.

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Date of creation: 1996
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:laeccr:9603

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  1. Barla, Philippe, 2000. "Firm size inequality and market power," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 693-722, July.

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