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Quels enjeux théoriques et méthodologiques de la théorie de la gouvernance partenariale ? La privatisation comme illustration

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  • Céline Chatelin

    (Laboratoire Orléanais de Gestion)

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    Abstract

    Une revue des arguments théoriques et des résultats empiriques sur la relation particulière privatisation-performance montre que l’hypothèse d’accroissement de performance induit par la privatisation est encore très controversée. Nous développons une approche partenariale de la théorie de la gouvernance et démontrons sa portée explicative dans la compréhension de la dynamique organisationnelle sous-jacente à la privatisation. En retour, nous statuons sur les perspectives de développement de cet axe de la théorie de l’architecture organisationnelle, afin d’approfondir notre compréhension de la dynamique organisationnelle dans son acception la plus large. Cette recherche s’appuie sur une enquête qualitative menée par le biais d’entretiens auprès de responsables financiers de 8 clubs professionnels de 5 sports collectifs. Elle s’intéresse à la fois à ce que font et disent les responsables. Elle aboutit à des logiques explicatives du type de contrôle dans les organisations en fonction des pressions de l’environnement. On constate que ce sont les clubs évoluant dans les disciplines sportives les moins médiatisées qui subissent les plus fortes pressions de l’environnement institutionnel, conduisant à un contrôle de conformité. A l’opposé les clubs évoluant dans les disciplines sportives les plus médiatisées ont mis en place un véritable contrôle d’opportunité (sur le triptyque objectifs/moyens/résultats). Entre ces deux logiques il existe des clubs en situation d’apprentissage pour lesquels la gouvernance institutionnelle constitue un formidable levier.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Laboratoire Orléanais de Gestion - université d'Orléans in its series Working Papers with number 2002-5.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:log:wpaper:2002-5

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    Keywords: gouvernance; processus décisionnel; efficience; privatisation; valeur partenariale;

    References

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    1. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Agency Problems and Residual Claims," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 327-49, June.
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    7. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Separation of Ownership and Control," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 301-25, June.
    8. James A. Brickley & Clifford W. Smith & Jerold L. Zimmerman, 1997. "Management Fads And Organizational Architecture," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 10(2), pages 24-39.
    9. Villalonga, Belen, 2000. "Privatization and efficiency: differentiating ownership effects from political, organizational, and dynamic effects," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 43-74, May.
    10. Megginson, William L & Nash, Robert C & van Randenborgh, Matthias, 1994. " The Financial and Operating Performance of Newly Privatized Firms: An International Empirical Analysis," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(2), pages 403-52, June.
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