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The impact of ballot access restrictions on electoral competition: Evidence from a natural experiment

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  • Drometer, Marcus
  • Rincke, Johannes

Abstract

Measuring the effect of ballot access restrictions on electoral competition is complicated because the stringency of ballot access regulations cannot be treated as being exogenous to candidates' entry decisions. This paper exploits the 1968 U.S. Supreme Court decision to strike down Ohio's ballot access laws as a natural experiment to overcome the endogeneity problem. The evidence from difference-in-difference estimations suggests that the court decision and the accompanying sharp decrease in Ohio's petition requirements resulted in major parties facing a signifcant increase in competition from third party and independent candidates.

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File URL: http://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/2922/2/Ohio_Drometer_Rincke2008.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Munich, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers in Economics with number 2922.

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Date of creation: Apr 2008
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Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenec:2922

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Keywords: Ballot access; Petition requirements; Electoral competition; Natural experiment;

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  1. Philippe Aghion & Albero Alesina & Francesco Trebbi, 2002. "Endogenous Political Institutions," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1957, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  2. Stratmann, Thomas, 2005. "Ballot access restrictions and candidate entry in elections," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 59-71, March.
  3. Marcus Drometer & Johannes Rincke, 2008. "The design of political institutions: Electoral competition and the choice of ballot access restrictions in the United States," Working Papers 057, Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE).
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Cited by:
  1. Marcus Drometer & Johannes Rincke, 2008. "The Design of Political Institutions: Electoral Competition and the Choice of Ballot Access Restrictions in the United States," CESifo Working Paper Series 2406, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Daniel Lee, 2014. "Third-party threat and the dimensionality of major-party roll call voting," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 159(3), pages 515-531, June.

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