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Per Capita Income, Market Access Costs, and Trade Volumes

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  • Tarasov, Alexander

Abstract

There is strong empirical evidence that countries with lower per capita income tend to have smaller trade volumes even after controlling for aggregate income. Furthermore, poorer countries do not just trade less, but have a lower number of trading partners. In this paper, I construct and estimate a general equilibrium model of trade that captures both these features of the trade data. There are two novelties in the paper. First, I introduce an association between market access costs and countries�development levels, which can account for the effect of per capita income on trade volumes and explain many zeros in bilateral trade �ows. Secondly, I develop an estimation procedure, which allows me to estimate both variable and �fixed costs of trade. I �nd that given the estimated parameters, the model performs well in matching the data. In particular, the predicted trade elasticity with respect to income per capita is close to that in the data.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Munich, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers in Economics with number 11494.

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Date of creation: Apr 2010
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Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenec:11494

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Keywords: export zeros; �xed costs of trade; country extensive margin;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Christian Hepenstrick, 2010. "Per-capita incomes and the extensive margin of bilateral trade," IEW - Working Papers 519, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  2. Parteka, Aleksandra & Tamberi, Massimo, 2013. "Product diversification, relative specialisation and economic development: Import–export analysis," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 121-135.
  3. Eugene Bempong-Nyantakyi & Steven Husted & Shuichiro Nishioka, 2014. "Trade Frictions and Market Access of Developing Countries : A Product-Level Empirical Investigation," Working Papers 14-02, Department of Economics, West Virginia University.
  4. repec:lmu:muenec:15421 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Esteban Jaimovich, 2012. "Import Diversification along the Growth Path," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 242, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
  6. Hepenstrick, Christian & Tarasov, Alexander, 2013. "Trade Openness and Cross-country Income Differences," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 402, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
  7. Steven Husted & Eugene Bempong-Nyantakyi & Shuichiro Nishioka, 2014. "Trade Frictions and Market Access of Developing Countries: A Product-Level Empirical Analysis," Working Papers 521, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2014.

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