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Profit Maximization Mitigates Competition

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  • Egbert Dierker

    (University of Vienna)

  • Birgit Grodal

    (Institute of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

We consider oligopolistic markets in which the notion of shareholders' utility is well-defined and compare the Bertrand-Nash equilibria in case of utility maximization with those under the usual profit maximization hypothesis. Our main result states that profit maximization leads to less price competition than utility maximization. Since profit maximization tends to raise proces, it may be regarded as beneficial for the owners as a whole. Moreover, if profit maximization is a good proxy for utility maximization, then there is no need for a general equilibrium analysis that takes the distribution of profits among consumers fully into account and partial equilibrium analysis suffices.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 94-15.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Nov 1994
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in: Economic Theory, 1996, 7(1) pp 139-60
Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:9415

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Cited by:
  1. Tarun Sabarwal, 2004. "A Consistent Firm Objective When Markets are Incomplete: Profit Maximization," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings, Econometric Society 141, Econometric Society.
  2. Klaus Ritzberger & Frank Milne, 2002. "Strategic pricing of equity issues," Economic Theory, Springer, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 271-294.
  3. Renström, Thomas I & Yalcin, Erkan, 2002. "Endogenous Firm Objectives," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3361, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Stefano Demichelis & Klaus Ritzberger, 2011. "A general equilibrium analysis of corporate control and the stock market," Economic Theory, Springer, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 221-254, February.
  5. Tarun Sabarwal, 2004. "Value Maximization As An Ex Post Consistent Firm Objective When Markets are Incomplete," GE, Growth, Math methods, EconWPA 0406002, EconWPA, revised 19 Jul 2004.
  6. David Kelsey & Frank Milne, 2008. "Imperfect Competition and Corporate Governance," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(6), pages 1115-1141, December.
  7. Bo Rasmussen, 1996. "Imperfectly competitive factor markets and price normalization," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 63(2), pages 125-138, June.
  8. Thomas Renstrom & Erkan Yalcin, 2002. "Endogenous Firm Objectives," Industrial Organization, EconWPA 0204001, EconWPA.
  9. Thomas Renstrom & Erkan Yalcin, . "Endogeneous Firm Objectives," Wallis Working Papers, University of Rochester - Wallis Institute of Political Economy WP27, University of Rochester - Wallis Institute of Political Economy.
  10. Ramón Torregrosa, 2008. "Macroeconomic effects of an indirect tax substitution," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 94(3), pages 199-221, September.
  11. Abbas Ali & Abdulrahman Al-Aali & Abdullah Al-Owaihan, 2013. "Islamic Perspectives on Profit Maximization," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 117(3), pages 467-475, October.
  12. Stefano Demichelis & Klaus Ritzberger, 2007. "Corporate Control and the Stock Market," Carlo Alberto Notebooks, Collegio Carlo Alberto 60, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
  13. Ritzberger, Klaus, 2005. "Shareholder voting," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 69-72, January.

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