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Culture, Intermarriage, and Immigrant Women's - Labor Supply

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Author Info

  • Z. Eylem Gevrek

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Konstanz, Germany)

  • Deniz Gevrek

    ()
    (Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, Texas)

  • Sonam Gupta

    ()
    (Food and Resource Economics Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA)

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    Abstract

    We examine the impact of culture on the work behavior of second-generation immigrant women in Canada. We contribute to the current literature by analyzing the role of intermarriage in intergenerational transmission of culture and its subsequent effect on labor market outcomes. Using relative female labor force participation and total fertility rates in the country of ancestry as cultural proxies, we find that culture matters for the female labor supply. Cultural proxies are significant in explaining number of hours worked by second-generation women with immigrant parents. Our results provide evidence that the impact of cultural proxies is significantly larger for women with immigrant parents who share same ethnic background than for those with intermarried parents. The fact that the effect of culture is weaker for women who were raised in intermarried families stresses the importance of intermarriage in assimilation process. Our findings imply that government policies targeting labor supply of women may have differential effect on labor market behavior of immigrant women of different ancestries.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Konstanz in its series Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz with number 2012-28.

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    Length: 38 pages
    Date of creation: 21 Nov 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:knz:dpteco:1228

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    Related research

    Keywords: culture; immigrant women; intermarriage; labor supply; immigrant assimilation;

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    References

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    1. Francine D Blau & Lawrence M Kahn & Kerry L Papps, 2011. "Gender, Source Country Characteristics, and Labor Market Assimilation among Immigrants," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(1), pages 43-58, February.
    2. Francine Blau & Lawrence Kahn & Albert Liu & Kerry Papps, 2013. "The transmission of women’s fertility, human capital, and work orientation across immigrant generations," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 405-435, April.
    3. Antecol, Heather, 2000. "An examination of cross-country differences in the gender gap in labor force participation rates," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 409-426, July.
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