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Directional imbalance of freight rates : evidence from Japanese inter-prefectural data

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  • Tanaka, Kiyoyasu
  • Tsubota, Kenmei

Abstract

By analyzing a comprehensive dataset on transport transactions in Japan, we describe a directional imbalance in freight rates by transport mode and examine its potential sources, such as economies of density and directionally imbalanced transport flow. There are certain numbers of observed links which show asymmetric transport costs. Instrumental variable analysis is used to show that economies of density account for deviation from symmetric freight rates between prefectures. Our results show that a 10% increase in outbound transport flow relative to inbound transport flow leads to a 2.1% decrease in outbound freight rate relative to inbound freight rate.

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File URL: http://ir.ide.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/2344/1294/3/ARRIDE_Discussion_No.441_tanaka.pdf
File Function: First version, 2014
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 441.

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Date of creation: Jan 2014
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Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 441. 2014.1
Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper441

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Related research

Keywords: Japan; Transportation; Costs; Economic geography; Freight rates; Directional imbalance; Economies of density;

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  1. Behrens, Kristian & Picard, Pierre M., 2011. "Transportation, freight rates, and economic geography," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 280-291.
  2. Takahashi, Takaaki, 2011. "Directional imbalance in transport prices and economic geography," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 92-102, January.
  3. Carl Gaigne & Kristian Behrens, 2006. "Density (dis)economies in transportation: revisiting the core-periphery model," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 18(5), pages 1-7.
  4. Michael P. Murray, 2006. "Avoiding Invalid Instruments and Coping with Weak Instruments," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 20(4), pages 111-132, Fall.
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