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Mit Workfare aus der Sozialhilfe? Lehren aus einem Modellprojekt

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Author Info

  • Schneider, Hilmar

    ()
    (IZA)

  • Uhlendorff, Arne

    ()
    (University of Mannheim)

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    ()
    (IZA, DIW Berlin and Bonn University)

Abstract

Wir berichten über die Evaluation des Pilotprojektes eines Berliner Sozialamts zur Integration junger Sozialhilfeempfänger in das Erwerbsleben. Dem Workfare-Prinzip folgend war die Teilnahme an dem Programm für die ausgewählten Personen verpflichtend. Wer die Teilnahme verweigerte, erhielt keine Unterstützungszahlungen. Um die Wirkung des Programms untersuchen zu können, sollten Engpässe bei der Programmkapazität als quasi-zufälliger Zuweisungsprozess genutzt werden. Im Nachhinein stellte sich jedoch heraus, dass im Zuweisungsprozess unkontrollierte Selektionseffekte auftraten, die den Vergleich mit einer entsprechenden Gruppe von Nichtteilnehmern erheblich erschweren. Mit Hilfe ökonometrischer Verfahren haben wir versucht, für diese Selektion zu korrigieren. Die Messung der Wirkung beruht auf Sozialamtsdaten, die von uns mit Geschäftsdaten der Bundesagentur für Arbeit verknüpft wurden, um Informationen über Erwerbsverläufe vor und nach der Betreuung durch das Sozialamt zu gewinnen. Die Ergebnisse deuten auf einen positiven – statistisch allerdings nicht signifikanten – Beschäftigungseffekt von Workfare hin. Wir verdeutlichen, dass Nachlässigkeiten im Projektdesign durch ökonometrische Verfahren zwar nachträglich ausgeglichen werden können, aber nur um den Preis eines deutlich erhöhten Fallzahlbedarfs, um statistisch belastbare Ergebnisse für politische Entscheidungen zu bekommen. Bei den üblicherweise niedrigen Fallzahlen im Rahmen von Modellprojekten sollten daher verstärkt experimentelle Designs Anwendung finden.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Standpunkte with number 33.

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Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in: Journal for Labour Market Research, 2011
Handle: RePEc:iza:izasps:sp33

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Postal: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
Phone: +49 228 3894 223
Fax: +49 228 3894 180
Web page: http://www.iza.org

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Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
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Related research

Keywords: soziale Experimente; Evaluation; Arbeitsangebot; Workfare;

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References

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  1. Joshua D. Angrist & Jörn-Steffen Pischke, 2010. "The Credibility Revolution in Empirical Economics: How Better Research Design is taking the Con out of Econometrics," CEP Discussion Papers dp0976, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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  3. Wolfgang Ochel, 2001. "Welfare to Work in the US: A Model for Germany?," CESifo Working Paper Series 537, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Louis N. Christofides, 2000. "Social assistance and labour supply," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(3), pages 715-741, August.
  5. Holger Bonin & Armin Falk & Hilmar Schneider, 2007. "Workfare – praktikabel und gerecht," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 60(04), pages 33-37, 02.
  6. Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. & Imbens, Guido, 2009. "Recent Developments in the Econometrics of Program Evaluation," Scholarly Articles 3043416, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  7. Boockmann, Bernhard & Thomsen, Stephan L. & Walter, Thomas, 2009. "Intensifying the use of benefit sanctions: an effective tool to shorten welfare receipt and speed up transitions to employment?," ZEW Discussion Papers 09-072, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. Ashenfelter, Orley, 1987. "The case for evaluating training programs with randomized trials," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 333-338, August.
  9. Richard Blundell & Mónica Costa Dias, 2008. "Alternative Approaches to Evaluation in Empirical Microeconomics," CEF.UP Working Papers 0805, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  10. Marco Caliendo & Sabine Kopeinig, 2005. "Some Practical Guidance for the Implementation of Propensity Score Matching," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 485, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  11. Gary Burtless, 1995. "The Case for Randomized Field Trials in Economic and Policy Research," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 63-84, Spring.
  12. Hilmar Schneider & Arne Uhlendorff, 2005. "Transitions from Welfare to Employment: Does the Ratio between Labor Income and Social Assistance Matter?," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 125(1), pages 51-61.
  13. Bonin, Holger & Schneider, Hilmar, 2006. "Workfare: Eine wirksame Alternative zum Kombilohn," IZA Discussion Papers 2399, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  14. Falk, Armin & Huffman, David B., 2006. "Studying Labor Market Institutions in the Lab: Minimum Wages, Employment Protection and Workfare," IZA Discussion Papers 2310, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Alessio J. G. Brown & Johannes Koettl, 2012. "Active Labor Market Programs - Employment Gain or Fiscal Drain?," Kiel Working Papers 1785, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Hilmar Schneider & Arne Uhlendorff & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2013. "Oekonometrie vs. Projektdesign: Lehren aus der Evaluation eines Modellprojekts zur Umsetzung des Workfare-Konzepts," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 233(1), pages 65-85, January.

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