Access to Public Schools and the Education of Migrant Children in China
AbstractA significant proportion of migrant children in China are not able to attend public schools for lack of local household registration (HuKou), and turn to privately-operated migrant schools. This paper examines the consequences of such a partially involuntary school choice, using survey data and standardized test scores from field work conducted in Shanghai. We find that migrant students who are unable to enroll in public schools perform significantly worse than their more fortunate counterparts in both Chinese and Mathematics. We also use parental satisfaction and parental assessment of school quality as alternative measures of the educational outcome and find similar results. Our study suggests that access to public schools is the key factor determining the quality of education that migrant children receive.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6853.
Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2012
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-10-06 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2012-10-06 (China)
- NEP-DEV-2012-10-06 (Development)
- NEP-EDU-2012-10-06 (Education)
- NEP-MIG-2012-10-06 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-TRA-2012-10-06 (Transition Economics)
- NEP-URE-2012-10-06 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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- Zhang, Xiaobo, 2006.
"Fiscal Decentralization and Political Centralization in China: Implications for Growth and Inequality,"
Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER)
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- Zhang, Xiaobo, 2006. "Fiscal decentralization and political centralization in China: Implications for growth and inequality," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 713-726, December.
- Adolfo, Cristobal Campoamor, 2014. "The impact of China's hukou restrictions on the aggregate national saving," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 57983, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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