Commuting, Wages and Bargaining Power
AbstractA search model of the labor market is augmented to include commuting time to work. The theory posits that wages are positively related to commute distance, by a factor itself depending negatively on the bargaining power of workers. Since not all combinations of distance and wages are accepted, there is non-random selection of accepted job offers. We build on these ingredients to explore in the data the relationship between wages and commute time. We find that neglecting to account for this selection will bias downward the wage impact of commuting, and marginally affect the coefficients on education, age and gender. The correlation between the residuals of the selectivity equation and the distance equation is -0.70, showing the large impact of commute time on job acceptance decisions. We also use the theory to calculate the bargaining power of workers which largely varies depending on demographic groups: it appears to be much larger for men than that for women and that the bargaining power of women with young children is essentially zero.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4510.
Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Annales d'Economie et de Statistiques, 2009, (95 - 96), 201 - 221
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Other versions of this item:
- Rupert, Peter & Stancanelli, Elena G F & Wasmer, Etienne, 2009. "Commuting, Wages and Bargaining Power," University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series qt1wf7x3rg, Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara.
- Peter Rupert, Elena Stancanelli, Etienne Wasmer, 2009. "Commuting, Wages and Bargaining Power," THEMA Working Papers 2009-02, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
- J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
- J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
- R2 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-11-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-DGE-2009-11-14 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-LAB-2009-11-14 (Labour Economics)
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