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Marital Violence and Women's Employment and Property Status: Evidence from North Indian Villages

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Author Info

  • Bhattacharya, Manasi

    ()
    (affiliation not available)

  • Bedi, Arjun S.

    ()
    (ISS, Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Chhachhi, Amrita

    ()
    (ISS, Erasmus University Rotterdam)

Abstract

Dominant development policy approaches recommend women's employment on the grounds that it facilitates their empowerment, which in turn is believed to be instrumental in enhancing women's well-being. However, empirical work on the relationship between women's employment status and their well-being as measured by freedom from marital violence yields an ambiguous picture. Motivated by this ambiguity, this paper draws on testimonies of men and women and data gathered from rural Uttar Pradesh, to examine the effect of women's employment and asset status as measured by their participation in paid work and their ownership of property, respectively, on spousal violence. Unlike the existing literature, we treat women's work status and violence as simultaneously determined and find that women's engagement in paid work and ownership of property, are associated with sharp reductions in marital violence.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4361.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: World Development, 2011, 39 (9), 1676–1689
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4361

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Keywords: domestic violence; employment status; property ownership; India;

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  1. Panda, Pradeep & Agarwal, Bina, 2005. "Marital violence, human development and women's property status in India," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 823-850, May.
  2. Srinivasan, Sharada & Bedi, Arjun S., 2007. "Domestic Violence and Dowry: Evidence from a South Indian Village," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 857-880, May.
  3. Junsen Zhang & William Chan, 1999. "Dowry and Wife's Welfare: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(4), pages 786-808, August.
  4. Lena Edlund, 2000. "The Marriage Squeeze Interpretation of Dowry Inflation: A Comment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(6), pages 1327-1333, December.
  5. Hindin, Michelle J. & Adair, Linda S., 2002. "Who's at risk? Factors associated with intimate partner violence in the Philippines," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 55(8), pages 1385-1399, October.
  6. Suen, Wing & Chan, William & Zhang, Junsen, 2003. "Marital transfer and intra-household allocation: a Nash-bargaining analysis," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 133-146, September.
  7. Tauchen, Helen V & Witte, Ann Dryden & Long, Sharon K, 1991. "Domestic Violence: A Nonrandom Affair," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(2), pages 491-511, May.
  8. Bloch, Francis & Rao, Vijayendra, 2000. "Terror as a bargaining instrument : a case study of dowry violence in rural India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2347, The World Bank.
  9. Lundberg, S. & Pollak, R.A., 1991. "Separate Spheres Bargaining and the Marriage Market," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington, Department of Economics at the University of Washington 91-08, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
  10. Rao, Vijayendra, 1997. "Wife-beating in rural South India: A qualitative and econometric analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 44(8), pages 1169-1180, April.
  11. Rivers, Douglas & Vuong, Quang H., 1988. "Limited information estimators and exogeneity tests for simultaneous probit models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 347-366, November.
  12. Amy Farmer & Jill Tiefenthaler, 1997. "An Economic Analysis of Domestic Violence," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(3), pages 337-358.
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Cited by:
  1. Canavire Bacarreza, Gustavo Javier & Rios-Avila, Fernando, 2010. "Domestic Violence and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from a Mixed-Race Developing Country," IZA Discussion Papers 5273, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Swaminathan, Hema & Lahoti, Rahul & Suchita, J. Y., 2012. "Women’s Property, Mobility, and Decisionmaking: Evidence from Rural Karnataka, India:," IFPRI discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 1188, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Menon, Nidhiya & van der Meulen Rodgers, Yana & Nguyen, Huong, 2014. "Women’s Land Rights and Children’s Human Capital in Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 18-31.

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