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Job-Worker Mismatch and Cognitive Decline

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Author Info

  • de Grip, Andries

    ()
    (ROA, Maastricht University)

  • Bosma, Hans

    (Maastricht University)

  • Willems, Dick

    (Maastricht University)

  • van Boxtel, Martin

    (Maastricht University)

Abstract

We have used longitudinal test data on various aspects of people’s cognitive abilities to analyze whether overeducated workers are more vulnerable to a decline in their cognitive abilities, and undereducated workers are less vulnerable. We found that a job-worker mismatch induces a cognitive decline with respect to immediate and delayed recall abilities, cognitive flexibility and verbal fluency. Our findings indicate that, to some extent, it is the adjustment of the ability level of the overeducated and undereducated workers that adjusts initial job-worker mismatch. This adds to the relevance of preventing overeducation, and shows that being employed in a challenging job contributes to workers’ cognitive resilience.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2956.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Oxford Economic Papers, 2008, 60 (2), 237-253
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2956

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Keywords: cognitive abilities; overeducation; job-worker mismatch;

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References

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  1. Carneiro, Pedro & Heckman, James J., 2003. "Human Capital Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 821, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Hartog, Joop, 2000. "Over-education and earnings: where are we, where should we go?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 131-147, April.
  3. Allen, Jim & van der Velden, Rolf, 2001. "Educational Mismatches versus Skill Mismatches: Effects on Wages, Job Satisfaction, and On-the-Job Search," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 434-52, July.
  4. Borghans,L. & Grip,A.,de, 1999. "Skills and low pay: upgrading or overeducation?," ROA Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA) 005, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  5. Oded Galor & Nachum Sicherman, 1988. "A Theory of Career Mobility," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State 51, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  6. P. J. Sloane & H. Battu & P. T. Seaman, 1999. "Overeducation, undereducation and the British labour market," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(11), pages 1437-1453.
  7. Groot, Wim & Maassen van den Brink, Henriette, 2000. "Overeducation in the labor market: a meta-analysis," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 149-158, April.
  8. Jacob Mincer & Haim Ofek, 1982. "Interrupted Work Careers: Depreciation and Restoration of Human Capital," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(1), pages 3-24.
  9. F Green & Steven McIntosh & Anna Vignoles, 1999. "Overeducation and Skills - Clarifying the Concepts," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp0435, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  10. Russell W. Rumberger, 1987. "The Impact of Surplus Schooling on Productivity and Earnings," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(1), pages 24-50.
  11. Alfonso Alba-Ramírez, 1993. "Mismatch in the Spanish Labor Market: Overeducation?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(2), pages 259-278.
  12. Nachum Sicherman, 1987. "Over-Education in the Labor Market," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State 48, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
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Cited by:
  1. Samo Pavlin, 2011. "Varieties of Professional Domains and Employability Determinants in Higher Education," Working Papers, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium 36, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
  2. Richard Desjardins & Arne Jonas Warnke, 2012. "Ageing and Skills: A Review and Analysis of Skill Gain and Skill Loss Over the Lifespan and Over Time," OECD Education Working Papers, OECD Publishing 72, OECD Publishing.
  3. Kidd, Michael & O'Leary, Nigel C. & Sloane, Peter J., 2014. "Should I Stay or Should I Go? An Investigation of Graduate Regional Mobility in the UK and its Impact upon Early Career Earnings," IZA Discussion Papers 8325, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Stijn BAERT & Bart COCKX & Dieter VERHAEST, 2012. "Overeducation at the start of the career - stepping stone or trap?," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales), Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) 2012012, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  5. Budria, Santiago, 2010. "Are educational mismatches responsible for the ‘inequality increasing effect’ of education?," MPRA Paper 23420, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Kiersztyn, Anna, 2013. "Stuck in a mismatch? The persistence of overeducation during twenty years of the post-communist transition in Poland," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 78-91.
  7. Grip Andries de & Dupuy Arnaud & Jolles Jelle & Boxtel Martin van, 2012. "Retirement and cognitive development: are the retired really inactive?," ROA Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA) 003, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  8. Mañé Vernet, Ferran, 2010. "El retorno a las competencias para los titulados universitarios catalanes," Working Papers, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics 2072/179591, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
  9. Riccardo Leoni, 2011. "Employability of graduates and development of competencies: mind the gap and mind the step! Empirical evidence for Italy," Working Papers, University of Bergamo, Department of Economics 1101, University of Bergamo, Department of Economics.
  10. Driouchi, Ahmed, 2014. "Unemployment Persistence & Risks of Skill Obsolescence in Arab Countries," MPRA Paper 53793, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. I�aki Iriondo & Teodosio P�rez-Amaral, 2013. "The Effect of Educational Mismatch on Wages Using European Panel Data," Working Papers, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance 700, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  12. Verhaest, Dieter & Schatteman, Tom, 2010. "Overeducation in the early career: an analysis using sequence techniques," Working Papers, Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel, Faculteit Economie en Management 2010/09, Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel, Faculteit Economie en Management.
  13. Dieter Verhaest & Eddy Omey, 2012. "Overeducation, Undereducation and Earnings: Further Evidence on the Importance of Ability and Measurement Error Bias," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 76-90, March.

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